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Grammar Lessons: There is and There are

Grammar Lessons: There is and There are

There is and There are

We use there is and there are when we first refer to the existence or presence of someone or something.

The choice between the phrases there is and there are at the beginning of a sentence is determined by the noun that follows it.

Affirmative Sentences

This is the form to make positive statements with there is and there are

There is hospital in Nicoya
There are three universitiesin Liberia

Examples

  • There’s a letter on your desk. Julia brought it from the mail room.
  • There are three Japanese students in my class.
  • There is a new cafe in the centre of town which sells Indonesian food
  • There are two new buildings next to the school. They are both science buildings.

Negative Sentences

This is the form to make negative statement using there is and there are

There isn’t hospital in Nicoya
There aren’t three universitiesin Liberia

Examples

  • There  isn’t a ghost in the house
  • There aren’t many doctors around here
  • There isn’t a new teacher in the university
  • There aren’t students in this classroom

Questions using There is and There are

This is the way to make questions using there is and there are

Is  therehospital in Nicoya?
Are therethree universitiesin Liberia?

Examples

  1. Is there a ghost in the house?
  2. Are there museums in this town?
  3. Isn’t there a major risk?
  4. Aren’t there any  restaurants around here?

How Many + Are there?

How manyhospitalsarethere inNicoya?
How manyuniversitiesarethereinLiberia?

Examples

  1. How many people are there in this town?
  2. How many dogs are there in the park?
  3. How many countries are there in Europe?
  4. How many tables are there in this restaurant?

There aren’t + Any

  1. There aren’t any hospitals in this town.
  2. There isn’t any bank here.
  3. There isn’t a cat in the house

Describing your Neighborhood using There is and There are

I live in a small town in Honduras, in my community, you can find all kind of places, for example, you can go to the swimming pool which is located near the park.

There are three supermarkets and there is a bus station next to the bank. There are no airports or train stations in my town.

There is a hospital near the park and you can find two or three dugstores

Other Tenses

  • There was a business conference at our hotel last night.
  • There were two people sitting on that bench.
  • There will be a ceremony in this park next Friday.
  • There will be many volunteers in this park tomorrow
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