Compound Sentences are composed of at least two independent clauses. It does not require a dependent clause.
In either case, each half of the sentence must be able to stand on its own as a complete sentence. That means each half needs a subject and a verb.
For example: I want the red car but I will buy the blue one
The clauses are joined by:
- a coordinating conjunction
- a correlative conjunction
- a semicolon that functions as a conjunction
- a conjunctive adverb preceded by a semicolon.
Compound Sentences with Coordinating Conjunctions
Compound Sentences are made up of two simple sentences connected by a coordinating conjunction.
And: addition / next action
Nor: not one or the other
But: contrasting and unexpected results
Or: choices and conditions
Yet: contrasting and unexpected results
So: actions taken
- My friend invited me to a tea party, but my parents didn’t let me go.
- Do you want to stay here, or would you like to go shopping with me?
- I have a lot of work to finish, so I will be up all night.
- I am counting my calories, yet I really want dessert.
- They got there early, and they got really good seats.
- She did not cheat on the test, for it was the wrong thing to do.
- They had no Netflix nor did they have cable.
Compound Sentences with a Semicolon
One way to create a compound sentence is with a semi-colon.
Not a common practice, a semi-colon is used only where ideas are very closely related.
- She loves me; she loves me not.
- They say it’s your birthday; it’s my birthday too!
- The entire town was flooded; people used boats
- I only write non-fiction; I’ve never tried fiction.
- You can pay online; we accept all major credit cards.
Compound Sentences with Conjunctive Adverbs
- Frantic is my favourite film; however, I’ve only seen it once.
- He turned himself in to the police; otherwise, they would have arrested him.
- He’s got a really good job; at least, that’s what he says.