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Pronunciation of ED Endings [ /t/ /d/ /ed/]

Pronunciation of ED Endings

There are 3 different ways of pronouncing -edat the end of verbs in the past or adjectives.

These are /ɪd/, /d/ or /t/, and it all depends on the last sound of the infinitive form of the verb

Rule #1

If the verb base ends in a voiceless sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “t”. Voiceless consonants are: p, f, k, s, sh, ch, th

  1. How to Pronounce The /p/ Sound Correctly
  2. How to Pronounce The /f/ Sound Correctly
  3. How to Pronounce The /k/ Sound Correctly
  4. How to Pronounce The /s/ Sound Correctly
  5. How to Pronounce The /ʧ/ Sound Correctly
  6. How to Pronounce The /ʃ/ Sound Correctly
workworked
Dropdropped
finishfinished
stopstopped
watchwatched
washwashed

Rule #2

 If the verb base ends in a voiced sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “d”. Voiceless consonats are: b, v, g, z, j, th, l, m, n, r

  1. How to Pronounce The /p/ Sound Correctly
  2. How to Pronounce The /n/ Sound Correctly
  3. How to Pronounce The /m/ Sound Correctly
  4. How to Pronounce The /v/ Sound Correctly
  5. How to Pronounce The /g/ Sound Correctly
  6. How to Pronounce The /d/ Sound Correctly

MoveMoved
StayStayed
StudyStudied
ReturnReturned
MarryMarried

Rule #3

If the verb base ends in a “t” or “d” sound already, then the –ed ending sounds like “id” 

StartStarted
WantWanted
Visit Visited
AttendAttended
DateDated

Exceptions

The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /ɪd/:

  • aged
  • dogged
  • ragged
  • blessed
  • learned
  • wicked
  • crooked
  • naked
  • wretched

Further Reading

Visit  the section dedicated to pronunciation and improve greatly your communication skills

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