Pronunciation of ED Endings

There are 3 different ways of pronouncing -ed at the end of verbs in the past or adjectives.

These are /ɪd/, /d/ or /t/, and it all depends on the last sound of the infinitive form of the verb

Rule #1

If the verb base ends in a voiceless sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “t”. Voiceless consonants are: p, f, k, s, sh, ch, th

workworked
Dropdropped
finishfinished
stopstopped
watchwatched
washwashed
talktalked
kisskissed
parkparked
helphelped

Rule #2

 If the verb base ends in a voiced sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “d”. Voiceless consonats are: b, v, g, z, j, th, l, m, n, r

MoveMoved
StayStayed
StudyStudied
ReturnReturned
MarryMarried
HopeHoped
LaughLaughed

Rule #3

If the verb base ends in a “t” or “d” sound already, then the –ed ending sounds like “id” 

StartStarted
WantWanted
Visit Visited
AttendAttended
DateDated
DecideDecided
EndEnded
NeedNeeded
HateHated
DateDated
SeatSeated

Exceptions

The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /ɪd/:

  • aged
  • dogged
  • ragged
  • blessed
  • learned
  • wicked
  • crooked
  • naked
  • wretched

Simple Past Ending -ed – Test

These are some test that you can take online to make sure that you have fully understood how to pronounce regular verbs in the past

Further Reading

Visit  the section dedicated to pronunciation and improve greatly your communication skills

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