Pronunciation of ED Endings [ /t/ /d/ /ed/]

Pronunciation of ED Endings

Regular verbs are easy to remember because you just have to add «ed» or «d» at the end of the verb

WantWanted
Rent Rented
ChangeChanged
DecideDecided

However the pronunciation of the regular verbs in the past create pronunciation problems for people who are learning English and whose native language doesn’t have those sound combinations.

Pronunciation of Ed Endings Rules

There are 3 different ways of pronouncing -ed at the end of verbs in the past or adjectives.

These are /ɪd/, /d/ or /t/, and it all depends on the last sound of the infinitive form of the verb

Rule #1:

If the verb base ends in a voiceless sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “t”. Voiceless consonants are: p, f, k, s, sh, ch, th

workworked
Dropdropped
finishfinished
stopstopped
watchwatched
washwashed
talktalked
kisskissed
parkparked
helphelped

Rule #2

 If the verb base ends in a voiced sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “d”. Voiceless consonats are: b, v, g, z, j, th, l, m, n, r

MoveMoved
StayStayed
StudyStudied
ReturnReturned
MarryMarried
HopeHoped
LaughLaughed

Rule #3

If the verb base ends in a “t” or “d” sound already, then the –ed ending sounds like “id” 

StartStarted
WantWanted
Visit Visited
AttendAttended
DateDated
DecideDecided
EndEnded
NeedNeeded
HateHated
DateDated
SeatSeated

Exceptions

The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /ɪd/:

  • aged
  • dogged
  • ragged
  • blessed
  • learned
  • wicked
  • crooked
  • naked
  • wretched

Simple Past Ending -ed – Test

These are some test that you can take online to make sure that you have fully understood how to pronounce regular verbs in the past

Pronunciation of ED Endings

Pronunciation of ED Endings Resources

These are some videos that explain well how to pronounce ed ending at the end of verbs and adjectives

  1. Cork English Teacher – Pronunciation of ED Endings
  2. WoodWard English – How to Pronounce ED Endings
  3. Learn English – EngVid – How to Say ED Endings in English
  4. Mmm English – Three Simple Pronunciation Tip – Past Tense English Verbs
  5. EnglishClass101.com – How to Pronounce ED Endings

Further Reading

Visit  the section dedicated to pronunciation and improve greatly your communication skills

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