How to Pronounce the Final S
To learn how to pronounce the final s, we have to understand what voiced and voiceless consonants are.
Voiced consonants are consonant sounds that are made by vibrating the vocal chords
These are the voiced consonants: B, D, G, J, L, M, N, Ng, R, Sz, Th (as in the word «then»), V, W, Y, and Z.
Voiceless consonants do not use the vocal cords to produce their hard, percussive sounds.
These are the voiceless consonants: Ch, F, K, P, S, Sh, T, and Th (as in «thing»).
Rules: The Pronunciation of the Final S
The final S is pronounced in three different ways. The Final S Pronunciation is based on the final sound of a word, before adding -s.
Rule #1 /S/
When word ends with a Voiceless sound, the final «s» is pronounced as /s/
Rule #2 /Z/
When word ends with a Voiceless sound, the final «s» is pronounced as /Z/
Rule #3 /IZ/
When word ends with one of these sounds /dʒ/, /s/, /z/,/ʃ/ and /tʃ/he final «s» is pronounced as /IZ/
Pronunciation of Final «S» Examples
Pronunciation of the Final «S» Exercises
These are some exercises that can help you learn more about how to pronounce the final «S»
- English Hilfen – Pronunciation of the Final «S»
- Grammar Quizzes – Final «S» Pronunciation
- English Language Centers – Final «S» Pronunciation
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