3 ways to Pronounce the Final S

How to Pronounce the Final S

To learn how to pronounce the final s, we have to understand what voiced and voiceless consonants are.

Voiced Consonants

Voiced consonants are consonant sounds that are made by vibrating the vocal chords

These are the voiced consonants: B, D, G, J, L, M, N, Ng, R, Sz, Th (as in the word «then»), V, W, Y, and Z.

Voiceless Consonants

Voiceless consonants do not use the vocal cords to produce their hard, percussive sounds. 

These are the voiceless consonants: Ch, F, K, P, S, Sh, T, and Th (as in «thing»).

Rules: The Pronunciation of the Final S

The final S is pronounced in three different ways. The Final S Pronunciation is based on the final sound of a word, before adding -s.

Rule #1 /S/

When word ends with a Voiceless sound, the final «s» is pronounced as /s/

Rule #2 /Z/

When word ends with a Voiceless sound, the final «s» is pronounced as /Z/

Rule #3 /IZ/

When word ends with one of these sounds /dʒ/ /s/,  /z/,/ʃ/ and /tʃ/he final «s» is pronounced as /IZ/

Pronunciation of the Final S

Pronunciation of Final «S» Examples

IZZS
RacesSleepCrabs
DishesBooksWords
ChangesHatsBags
BusesCliffsDeals
BoxesGraphsDreams
PrizesMythsFans
KissesSings
WatchesWears
Gloves 
Plays

Pronunciation of the Final «S» Exercises

These are some exercises that can help you learn more about how to pronounce the final «S»

  1. English Hilfen – Pronunciation of the Final «S»
  2. Grammar Quizzes – Final «S» Pronunciation
  3. English Language Centers – Final «S» Pronunciation
Prepositions in, at and on

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