Teaching Ideas: How to Talk about Health Problems

 Pexels - Health ProblemsHealth Problems

key Vocabulary – Diseases, Disorders and Injuries

  • Skin: skin irritation, skin inflammation, redness, tenderness, swelling, rash,  itching, acne, pimple, blister, burn, scar, scratch
  • Eye: nearsightedness, farsightedness,conjunctivitis, , cataract.
  • Ear: wax blockage, hearing loss, earache, ruptured eardrum.
  • Nose, throat, lungs: nosebleed, runny nose, stuffy nose, rhinitis,  hay fever, sinusitis, a cold, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
  • Heart and circulation:  high blood pressure, heart disease, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest.
  • Blood: anemia, bleeding, internal bleeding, hemorrhage, leukemia.
  • Brain and nervous system: headache, migraine, dizziness ,  meningitis, epilepsy, convulsions, seizure, stroke, paralysis, cerebral palsy, dementia.
  • Nutrition: vitamin deficiency , obesity, to be overweight, weight loss, anorexia, bulimia.
  • Stomach, intestines: indigestion,  upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gastritis,  colitis, appendicitis,  cholera.
  • Liver: hepatitis, , cirrhosis.
  • Kidneys:  kidney stones.
  • Bones, joints: backache / back pain,osteoporosis, arthritis.
  • Muscles: muscle spasm, muscle cramp, muscular dystrophy, hernia.
  • Injuries: injury, wound, trauma, hand injury, knee injury, foot injury, head injury, concussion, contusion, fracture, fractured bone, sprained ankle, bruise to have a broken arm.
  • General infections: the flu / influenza, tuberculosis, tetanus, rabies, yellow fever,, smallpox, anthrax.
  • Infectious diseases:  measles,  polio, chicken pox, scarlet fever.
  • Hormonal disorders: diabetes.
  • Oncology: benign tumor, malignant tumor, cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer, skin cancer.
  • Mental disorders: depression, phobia, schizophrenia.
  • Addictions: alcohol abuse, drug abuse.

Key Phrases

Pronoun + Have /has + an /an + health problem

I have a stiff neck
I have a twisted ankle
I have an ear infection
She has a runny nose
He has a deep cut
He has a sore throat
You have a chest pain
They have a broken leg


Pronoun + broke + my/ her/ his + health problem

I broke my leg
I broke my arm
She broke her right left
He broke her right arm
He broken his leg

How to Give Recommendations about Health Problems

Recommendations to Health Problems

Pronoun +should +verb + article+ recommendation

  1. You should drink plenty of water
  2. You should take some medicaments
  3. You shoud drink a hot soup
  4. You should take vitamin C
  5. You should rest
  6. You should take some rest
  7. You should  take a painkiller
  8. You should apply a Ice Pack in the back of your neck

Health Problems Practice

If you want to practice spelling and vocabulary and besides that encourage independent learning, send this Common Illnesses, Diseases and Sickness Flashcard Set to your students

Download this worksheet and make copies for your students

Health Problems – Production

There are several ideas to make students use the target vocabulary and phrases creatively

  1. Create a Powerpoint presentation and include pictures of common diseases, illnesses and sickness studied in class, show the picture to your students and ask them to make sentences such as:
    • She has a broken leg
    • He has a runny nose
  2. Create a Powerpoint presentation and include pictures of common diseases, illnesses and sickness studied in class, show the picture to your students and ask them to give recommendations
    • She should go to the doctor
    • She has to take a rest
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