Types of Clauses
Clauses are units of grammar that contain at least one verb and a subject.
A clause can be distinguished from a phrase, which does not contain a subject and a verb
Examples of clauses are:
- Jamie bought a pair of jeans (One Clause Sentence)
- I went to the beach (One Clause Sentence)
- I was sleeeping (One Clause Senetence)
- I graduated last year. (One clause sentence)
- When I came here, I saw him. (Two clause sentence)
- When I came here, I saw him, and he greeted me. (Three clause sentence)
2 Types of Clauses
Clauses are either dependent or independent. An independent clause can exist by itself as a complete sentence while a dependent clause cannot.
Main Clause or Independent Clauses
Independent clauses can stand alone as a sentence containing a subject and a verb
- Gabriel is playing with toys in his room.
- He ran.
- I was late to work.
- Maria is cooking dinner.
- Mom took the car to get fixed.
- James played soccer with his friends
- Erica brushed her long, black hair.
Dependent Clauses or Subordinate Clauses
A dependent clause cannot be a sentence by itself. It needs to be combined with an independent clause to be a full sentence.
- I am not doing this task unless Peter helps
- Jason is tired because he only slept for five hours last night.
- Even though the broccoli was covered in cheddar cheese, Emily refused to eat it.
- After she told Fernando to leave, Erica brushed her long, black hair.
- When I was dating Daina, I had an accident.
- I know the man who stole the watch.
- He bought a car which was too expensive.
Types of Dependent Clauses
Dependent clauses may work like adverbs, adjectives, or nouns in complex sentences.
What is an Adverb Clause?
- An adverb clause is a group of words that function as an adverb in a sentence.
- An adverb is a part of speech that describes an adjective, another adverb or a verb
- An adverb does this with just one word, but groups of words can also perform this function in sentences.
- She walked fast
- She walked like a turtle
- She walked as if she was runnning for his life.
Adverbs Clauses Examples
- Whether you like or not, you will stay home
- Unless you run fast, you won’t win the race
- As soon as I saw you, I knew something was wrong
- Give us a call when you get back home
- You can start surfing as soon as you put on sunscreen.
- Wait here till I come back.
What is an Adjective Clause?
An adjective clause is a dependent clause that, like an adjective, modifies a noun or pronoun. Adjective clauses begin with words such as that, when, where, who, whom, whose, which, and why.
- Fastfood, which most people love, is not very healthy.
- Students who are intelligent get good grades
- The lady who lives across the street is my aunt
- The reason why I left is a secret.
- I do not like people who are mean to animals.
- I used the notebook that had a red coloured cover.
What ‘s a Noun Clause?
A noun clause is a clause that plays the role of a noun.
- I like what I am seeing.
- I know that Michael is coming back home
- I’ve met the man who won the lottery.
- Everybody knows that he is an honest man
- Please tell me who left his shoes on the floor
- I think that you will like it.
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