Definition of Teacher Talking Time
Teacher Talking Time (TTT) is the amount of time the teacher talks in the classroom, this can be compared with student-talking time which is the amount of time students talk in the classroom.
Why Reducing Teacher Talking Time?
- Excessive Teacher Talking Time imits the amount of Student Talking Time.
- A large amount of Teacher Talking Time leads to loss of concentration, boredom. and reduced learning.
- Teacher long explanations are tedious and hard to follow
- Teacher Talking Time reduces students opportunities for developing the speaking skill.
- Teacher Talking Time makes students not to take responsibility for their own learning
What are some strategies to reduce Teacher Talking Time?
- Organize pair work activities so student talk to each other and your talking time decreases.
- Use body language, mime, gesture and facial expressions rather than words to communicate.
- Keep instructions simple and clear.
- Tolerate silence and give students enough time to reply.
- Calculate how much time you spent talking and cut out some of the speaking or replace it with student-centered activity.
- Use your TTT to ‘preview’ new language that is coming up, for example start using the simple past the day before you teach it! Students soon figure out what you are doing and begin to ‘notice’ the new language.
Reciprocal Teaching to Reduce Teacher Talking Time
Reciprocal Teaching is a two-way street communication in which the teacher assumes the role of a facilitator and monitor, and students are encouraged to perform actively with the teacher or among themselves Students are given a solid opportunity to improve their communicative competence in the target language because they
have the openings they need to talk in class.
The procedures that Reciprocal Teaching uses are the following:
Paraphrasing: When you paraphrase, you state an author’s thoughts in your own words through the use of synonymous words or equivalent phrases. In the language classroom this ability is practiced when the teacher
asks a student to paraphrase what a classmate just said or what the teacher just explained
Reported Speech: Reported speech is speech which tells you what someone said, but does not use the person’s actualwords: for example, ‘They said you didn’t like it’, ‘I asked him what his plans were’, and ‘Citizens complained about the smoke’.
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