Past Perfect Tense
The grammatical form used for an action that had already finished when another action happened.
It is made with “had” and a past participle
- No one told me that the shop had closed.
- I had planned to go to the beach but look at the rain
- I washed the floor when the painter had gone
- They had completed the project.
- He had finished reading my book
- I had played this game several times.
- I had watched two seasons of Breaking Bad
- I had cooked something special for you
- She had spoken with him several times.
- He had forgotten what I said.
- She had told me what you said.
- I had seen that movie several times
- I had forgotten all my problems.
- I didn’t say anything until she had finished talking.
- She had met him before the party
- She had established her company before 2008
Forming the Past Perfect
This is the structure to make sentences
Affirmative and Negative Sentences
These are examples of affirmative and negative sentences made with the past perfect simple:
|I had played||I hadn’t played|
|You had played||You hadn’t played|
|He had played||He hadn’t played|
|She had played||She hadn’t played|
|We had played||We hadn’t played|
|They had played||They hadn’t played|
Questions with the Past Perfect
This is the structure that you use to make questions:
|Had||They||been to an opera before last night?|
|Had||She||studied spanish before moving here?|
|Had||you||ever visited the US before 2006?|
|Had||we||met before toda’s meeting?|
More Grammar Resources
These are some other articles about tenses in English:
- Grammar Lessons: Simple Present vs Present Continuous
- Grammar Lessons: The Past Perfect Continuous Tense
- Grammar Lessons: Simple Past Tense
- Grammar Lessons: The Verb To be
- Grammar Exercises: Past Progressive
- Grammar Lessons: Simple Present
- Grammar Lessons: Present Perfect
- Grammar Lessons: Present Continuous