How To Make Comparisons in English

How to Make Comparisons in English

How to Make Comparisons in English

There are several ways to Make Comparisons in English. People commonly use superlatives and comparatives to make such comparisons

You can make comparisons in English about almost everything but some of the most common topics  to make comparisons with are:

  1. Personal Appearance
  2. Personality
  3. Countries, Places and Cities
  4. Trends

Comparisons in English: Comparatives

Comparisons in English: Superlatives

Pixabay - Describe Physical Appearance

Adjectives to Describe Physical Appearance

These are some of the most common adjectives to describe physical appearance so you can make comparisons in English.

This chart includes the comparative and superlative from of each adjective

AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative
talltallerTallest
handsomemore handsomethe most handsome
beautifulmore beautiful beautiful
shortshorterthe shortest
strongstrongerthe strongest
fatfatterthe fattest
fitfitterthe fittest
muscular more muscularthe most muscular
skinnyskinnierthe skinniest

Comparisons with Personal Appearance

Using Comparatives

These are some examples of making comparisons using personal appearance

  1. She is taller than me.
  2. I am skinnier than her.
  3. He is shorter than me.
  4. Joe’s older than Mike.
  5. Linda is younger than  John
  6. Mike is stronger than joshua
Using Superlatives
  1. Linda is the tallest in the Basketball team.
  2. John is the oldest in the classroom.
  3. I am the most handsome man in the room.
  4. She is the most beautiful woman in the university.
  5. Sheila is the youngest girl in the family.
  6. Mike is the strongest athlete in the wrestling team.
Make Comparisons in English

Adjectives to Describe Personality in English

These are some of the most common adjectives to describe personality + the comparative and superlative form to make comparisons in English.

AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative
smartsmarterthe smartest
kindkinderthe kindest
honestmore honestthe most honest
outgoingmore outgoingthe most outgoing
politemore politethe most polite
charmingmore charmingcharming
Loyalmore loyalthe most loyal
FunnyFunnierFunniest

Comparisons about Personality Traits

Using Comparatives
  1. I am smarter than him
  2. Maria is Nicer than Linda
  3. I am more open minded than him
  4. She is more creative than me
  5. Mike is more clever than her
Using Superlatives
  1. I am the funniest person in the party.
  2. I am  the most intelligent student in class.
  3. She is the most confident athlete in the team.
  4. He is the most creative person in the graphic design team.
Medios de Transporte en Inglés

Adjectives to Describe a City, Country or Place

You can make comparisons in English about cities, countries and places

AmazingMore amazing The most amazing
BeautifulMore beautifulThe most beautiful
BoringMore boringThe most boring
ConvenientMore convinientThe most convinient
CrowdedMore crowdedThe most crowded
InterestingMore interestingThe most interesting
FamousMore famousThe most famous
FantasticMore fantasticThe most fantastic
ExcitingMore excitingThe most exciting
FascinatingMore fascinatingThe most fascinating
InexpensiveMore inexpensiveThe most inexpensive
PollutedMore pollutedThe most polluted
SafeSaferSafest
DangerousMore dangerousThe most dangerous
NaturalMore natural The most natural
BigBiggerThe biggest
ModernMore modernThe most modern
SmallSmallerThe smallest
NoisyNoisierThe Noisiest
CheapCheaperThe Cheapest
CleanCleanerThe cleanest
OldOlderThe oldest
IndustrialMore industrialThe most industrial
CommercialMore commercialThe most commercial
ProsperousMore prosperousThe most prosperous
HotHotterThe hottest
ColdColderThe coldest
CalmCalmerThe calmest
QuietQuieter / More quietThe quiest / the most quiet
PeacefulMore peacefulThe most peaceful

Comparisons with countries, places or cities

Using Comparisons
  1. Santa Cruz is cleaner than Nicoya
  2. Nicoya is less dangerous than San José
  3. For swimmers, Conchal Beach is more dangerous than  Flamingo Beach
  4. La Cruz City is more quiet than Liberia City
Using Superlatives
  1. Cartago is the coldest city in Costa Rica
  2. Guanacaste is the hottest place in Costa Rica
  3. Canada has the best education in America
  4. Brazil is one of the biggest countries in South America
Stages of a Listening Lesson

Two-syllable adjectives which end in -y 

Two-syllable adjectives which end in -y usually form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est

Funny Funnier The funniest
Skinny Skinnier The skinniest
Pretty Prettier The prettiest
Happy Happier The happiest
Hungry Hungrier The hungriest
Busy Busier The Busiest
Crazy Crazier The Craziest
Dry Drier The driest
Silly Silliest The Silliest
Degrees of Comparisons

List of Comparatives and Superlatives

To make comparisons in English, you need to know the most common adjectives in English and its comparative and superlative form

AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative
angryangrierangriest
badworseworst
bigbiggerbiggest
bravebraverbravest
briefbrieferbriefest
brightbrighterbrightest
busybusierbusiest
calmcalmercalmest
cheapcheapcheaper
classyclassierclassiest
cleancleanercleanest
clearclearclearest
clevercleverercleverest
closecloserclosest
coldcoldercoldest
coolcoolercoolest
crazycraziercraziest
creepycreepiercreepiest
cruelcruelercruelest
curlycurlycurliest
cutecutercutest
darkdarkerdarkest
deadlydeadlierdeadliest
deepdeeperdeepest
dirtydirtierdirtiest
drydrierdriest
dumbdumberdumbest
earlyearlierearliest
easyeasiereasiest
farfurther/fartherfurthest/farthest
fastfasterfastest
fatfatterfattest
fewfewerfewest
filthyfilthierfilthiest
finefinerfinest
fitfitterfittest
freshfresherfreshest
friendlyfriendlierfriendliest
funnyfunnierfunniest
goodbetterbest
greatgreatergreatest
guiltyguilterguiltiest
handyhandierhandiest
happyhappierhappiest
hardharderhardest
harshharsherharshest
healthyhealthierhealthiest
heavyheavierheaviest
highhigherhighest
hothotterhottest
hungryhungrierhungriest
juicyjuicierjuiciest
kindkinderkindest
largelargerlargest
latelaterlatest
lazylazierlaziest
lightlighterlightest
lonelylonlierlonliest
longlongerlongest
loudlouderloudest
lovelylovelierloveliest
lowlowerlowest
madmaddermaddest
meanmeanermeanest
messymessiermessiest
narrownarrowernarrowest
nastynastiernastiest
nearnearernearest
neatneaterneatest
newnewernewest
nicenicernicest
noisynoisiernoisiest
oddodderoddest
plainplainerplainest
poorpoorerpoorest
prettyprettierprettiest
proudprouderproudest
purepurerpurest
quickquickerquickest
quietquieterquietest
richricherrichest
riskyriskierriskiest
roughrougherroughest
ruderuderrudest
rustyrustierrustiest
sadsaddersaddest
safesafersafest
scaryscarierscariest
sharpsharpersharpest
shinyshiniershiniest
shortshortershortest
shyshyershyest
sillysilliersilliest
simplesimplersimplest
skinnyskinnierskinniest
slimslimmerslimmest
slowslowerslowest
smallsmallersmallest
smartsmartersmartest
softsoftersoftest
soonsoonersoonest
spicyspicierspiciest
strangestrangerstrangest
strictstricterstrictest
strongstrongerstrongest
sunnysunniersunniest
sweatysweatiersweatiest
sweetsweetersweetest
talltallertallest
tastytastiertastiest
thickthickerthickest
thinthinnerthinnest
tinytiniertiniest
toughtoughertoughest
truetruertruest
uglyuglierugliest
warmwarmerwarmest
weakweakerweakest
wealthywealthierwealthiest
weirdweirderweirdest
widewiderwidest
wildwilderwildest
wisewiserwisest
youngyoungeryoungest
How to Find the Main Idea

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