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The 40 Most Common Phrasal Verbs

List of Most Common Phrasal Verrbs

In English, a phrasal verb is a phrase such as turn down or ran into which combines two or three words from different grammatical categories: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition together form a single semantic unit.

This semantic unit cannot be understood based upon the meanings of the individual parts, but must be taken as a whole.

For example:

  1. She has always looked down on me.
  2. Fighting broke out among a group of 40 men.
  3. I’ll see to the animals.
  4. Don’t put me off, I’m trying to concentrate.
  5. The report spelled out the need for more staff.

Most Common Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal VerbsMeaningExample
Break DownStop functioningMy car broke down
Bring upMention a topicShe brought up that matter again
Back downwithdraw a positionWe never back down
Beat uppunch and kickI got beat up
Bump intoMeet by accidentI bump into my wife at the park
Call offCancelThey call off that meeting
Clean outCleanI was cleaning out the closet
Carry onContinueSorry , carry on talking!
Drop outLeave schoolThey dropped out of college
Drop byVisit We just dropped by her house
Get outLeaveYou need to get out of here
End upThe end resultI ended up in another school
Get bysurviveI have some money to get by
Get overget wellDave has got over the flu
Get alongbeing good friendsWe get along really well
Get awayEscapeI got away with murder
Get rid ofEliminateI need to get rid of her
Grow upGet olderYou are 21, Grow up
Give upStop tryingThey just gave up
Go outHave a dateDo you want to go out with me?
Hang outSpend timeI am hanging out with my friends
Hurry upDo something fastWe are late, hurry up
Make outKissThey were making outside
Mess upto spoilYou are messing things up
Show upArriveAlex didn’t show up
Pass outLose consciousnessShe passed out in front of me
Piss offto  be angryI am really pissed off
Put offPostponeWe put off the meetin until Friday
Put up withlet happenI won’t put up with my sisters 
Put onGet dressedI put on a sweater
Put outExtinguishThe firefighters put out the fire
Run intoMeetI ran into my teacher last week
Run outto use all of itWe are running out of gas
Take offRemove clothingI took off my jacket 
Turn DownLower volumePlease turn it down
Turn downRejectHe was turned down twice
Work outExerciseI am working out right now
Watch outBe awareYou better watch out
Work outfind a solutionWe will work something out
Wake upFinish sleepingI woke up at 9

Phrasal Verbs Lesson Plan

Warm Up  (20 Minutes)

Students will make pairs and they will be given ten minutes to write as many phrasal verbs as they can then groups will compare the list they have with the rest of their classmates.

Presentation (15 Minutes)

Teacher explains that two types of phrasal verbs

  1. Transitive
  2. Intransitive

Teacher shows a quizlet flashcard set with the most common phrasal verbs. (You can create and custom your own list or choose one of the many flashcar already created)

Practice  (180 Minutes)

Task #1: Students are given a list of  24  verbs and they have to categorize those verbs in the following two categories ( 20 Minutes)

  1. Transitive
  2. Intransitive

Task#2 Students make two teams and two of the members of the group have to do mimics in order for their classmates to guess what phrasal verb is being acted out. (20 minutes)

Task #3 Students have to take phrasal verbs out of a hat and make a question with the phrasal verb that another member of the group has to respond. (20 minutes)

Task#4  Students are given a worksheet that has two matching exercises in which they have to match the phrasal verbs with the definition and another in which they have to add a particle to a verb to make a phrasal verb that matches the meaning given. ( 20 minutes)

Task#5 Students are given a set of 10 sentences with phrasal verbs that have been transcribed phonetically, they have to write the sentences in English. ( 20 minutes)

Task#6 Students have to transcribe phonetically some phrasal verbs given in a list.  (30 minutes)

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Task #7  Students grab a sentence with a phrasal verb that has something incorrect, their classmates have to fix it. ( 30 Minutes)

Production (15 minutes)

Student grab ten phrasal verbs from a bag and they have to make a conversation with their partner and used them all. (20 Minutes)

Wrap Up  (10 minutes)

Students play a kahoot in which their knowledge of the topic is tested. (20 minutes)

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