In English, a phrasal verb is a phrase such as turn down or ran into which combines two or three words from different grammatical categories: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition together form a single semantic unit.
This semantic unit cannot be understood based upon the meanings of the individual parts, but must be taken as a whole.
- She has always looked down on me.
- Fighting broke out among a group of 40 men.
- I’ll see to the animals.
- Don’t put me off, I’m trying to concentrate.
- The report spelled out the need for more staff.
Most Common Phrasal Verbs
|Break Down||Stop functioning||My car broke down|
|Bring up||Mention a topic||She brought up that matter again|
|Back down||withdraw a position||We never back down|
|Beat up||punch and kick||I got beat up|
|Bump into||Meet by accident||I bump into my wife at the park|
|Call off||Cancel||They call off that meeting|
|Clean out||Clean||I was cleaning out the closet|
|Carry on||Continue||Sorry , carry on talking!|
|Drop out||Leave school||They dropped out of college|
|Drop by||Visit||We just dropped by her house|
|Get out||Leave||You need to get out of here|
|End up||The end result||I ended up in another school|
|Get by||survive||I have some money to get by|
|Get over||get well||Dave has got over the flu|
|Get along||being good friends||We get along really well|
|Get away||Escape||I got away with murder|
|Get rid of||Eliminate||I need to get rid of her|
|Grow up||Get older||You are 21, Grow up|
|Give up||Stop trying||They just gave up|
|Go out||Have a date||Do you want to go out with me?|
|Hang out||Spend time||I am hanging out with my friends|
|Hurry up||Do something fast||We are late, hurry up|
|Make out||Kiss||They were making outside|
|Mess up||to spoil||You are messing things up|
|Show up||Arrive||Alex didn’t show up|
|Pass out||Lose consciousness||She passed out in front of me|
|Piss off||to be angry||I am really pissed off|
|Put off||Postpone||We put off the meetin until Friday|
|Put up with||let happen||I won’t put up with my sisters|
|Put on||Get dressed||I put on a sweater|
|Put out||Extinguish||The firefighters put out the fire|
|Run into||Meet||I ran into my teacher last week|
|Run out||to use all of it||We are running out of gas|
|Take off||Remove clothing||I took off my jacket|
|Turn Down||Lower volume||Please turn it down|
|Turn down||Reject||He was turned down twice|
|Work out||Exercise||I am working out right now|
|Watch out||Be aware||You better watch out|
|Work out||find a solution||We will work something out|
|Wake up||Finish sleeping||I woke up at 9|
Phrasal Verbs Lesson Plan
Warm Up (20 Minutes)
Students will make pairs and they will be given ten minutes to write as many phrasal verbs as they can then groups will compare the list they have with the rest of their classmates.
Presentation (15 Minutes)
Teacher explains that two types of phrasal verbs
Teacher shows a quizlet flashcard set with the most common phrasal verbs. (You can create and custom your own list or choose one of the many flashcar already created)
Practice (180 Minutes)
Task #1: Students are given a list of 24 verbs and they have to categorize those verbs in the following two categories ( 20 Minutes)
Task#2 Students make two teams and two of the members of the group have to do mimics in order for their classmates to guess what phrasal verb is being acted out. (20 minutes)
Task #3 Students have to take phrasal verbs out of a hat and make a question with the phrasal verb that another member of the group has to respond. (20 minutes)
Task#4 Students are given a worksheet that has two matching exercises in which they have to match the phrasal verbs with the definition and another in which they have to add a particle to a verb to make a phrasal verb that matches the meaning given. ( 20 minutes)
Task#5 Students are given a set of 10 sentences with phrasal verbs that have been transcribed phonetically, they have to write the sentences in English. ( 20 minutes)
Task#6 Students have to transcribe phonetically some phrasal verbs given in a list. (30 minutes)
Task #7 Students grab a sentence with a phrasal verb that has something incorrect, their classmates have to fix it. ( 30 Minutes)
Production (15 minutes)
Student grab ten phrasal verbs from a bag and they have to make a conversation with their partner and used them all. (20 Minutes)
Wrap Up (10 minutes)
Students play a kahoot in which their knowledge of the topic is tested. (20 minutes)