A word or phrase that is often used with another word or phrase, in a way that sounds correct to people who have spoken the language all their lives.
- Make the bed= I am going to make my bed
- Do the homework= I am gonna do my homework
- Take a risk = She has to take a risk
It is important to use collocations because
- They will help you understand how to use vocabulary words in a sentence correctly.
- Your language will be more natural and more easily understood.
- These will contribute to you having a richer vocabulary.
Table of Contents
- 1 How Can I Learn more Collocations?
- 2 What Type of Collocations are there?
- 3 Are Collocations Phrasal Verbs?
- 4 List of Most Common Collocations
- 5 Interested in Additional Resources?
How Can I Learn more Collocations?
There are thousands of collocations and it impossible to know them all.
Most students don’t take time to memorize them since learning as you read and listen to English in common situations is easier than going through a list.
Another approach that can help you learn more collocation is studying them by topic.
What Type of Collocations are there?
There are 7 types of collocations made from combinations of verbs, nouns and adjectives:
- adverb + adjective: Fully Aware
- adjective + noun: Regular Exercise
- noun + noun: Ceasefire Agreement
- noun + verb: Plane took off
- verb + noun: Commit Murder
- verb + expression with preposition: Run out of Gas
- verb + adverb: Whisper Softly
These are example of collocation used in sentences:
- I found a replacement
- She wants to make money
- I am going to close the deal
Are Collocations Phrasal Verbs?
Phrasal verbs are not collocations since phrasal verbs are made up of a verb + a preposition which usually changes the meaning from that of the original verb.
- I bought a bunch of flowers for you = Collocation
- You should buy into this company = Phrasal Verb
List of Most Common Collocations
These are the most common collocations, they have been divided by the verb they usually to make learning them easier.
#1 Collocations with Have and Do
These are some of the most common collocations in English with have and do
|have a bath||do business|
|have a drink||do nothing|
|have a good time||do someone a favour|
|have a haircut||do the cooking|
|have a holiday||do the housework|
|have a problem||do the shopping|
|have a relationship||do the washing up|
|have a rest||do your best|
|have lunch||do your hair|
|have sympathy||do your homework|
#2 Collocations with Take and Break
These are some of the most common collocations in English with Take and Break
|take a break||break a habit|
|take a chance||break a leg|
|take a look||break a promise|
|take a rest||break a record|
|take a seat||break a window|
|take a taxi||break someone’s heart|
|take an exam||break the ice|
|take notes||break the law|
|take someone’s place||break the news to someone|
|take someone’s temperature||break the rules|
#3 Collocations with Pay and Save
These are some of the most common collocations in English with pay and save
|pay a fine||save electricity|
|pay attention||save energy|
|pay by credit card||save money|
|pay cash||save one’s strength|
|pay interest||save someone a seat|
|pay someone a compliment||save someone’s life|
|pay someone a visit||save something to a disk|
|pay the bill||save space|
|pay the price||save time|
|pay your respects||save yourself the trouble|
#4 Collocations with Come and Go
These are some of the most common collocations in English with come and go
|come close||go abroad|
|come complete with||go astray|
|come direct||go bad|
|come early||go bald|
|come first||go bankrupt|
|come into view||go blind|
|come last||go crazy|
|come late||go dark|
|come on time||go deaf|
|come prepared||go fishing|
|come right back||go mad|
|come second||go missing|
|come to a compromise||go on foot|
|come to a decision||go online|
|come to an agreement||go out of business|
|come to an end||go overseas|
|come to a standstill||go quiet|
|come to terms with||go sailing|
|come to a total of||go to war|
|come under attack||go yellow|
#5 Collocations with Make and Keep
These are some of the most common collocations in English with make and keep
|make a difference||keep a diary|
|make a mess||keep a promise|
|make a mistake||keep a secret|
|make a noise||keep an appointment|
|make an effort||keep calm|
|make furniture||keep control|
|make money||keep in touch|
|make progress||keep quiet|
|make room||keep someone’s place|
|make trouble||keep the change|
#6 Collocations with Catch and Get
These are some of the most common collocations in English with catch and get
|catch a ball||get a job|
|catch a bus||get a shock|
|catch a chill||get angry|
|catch a cold||get divorced|
|catch a thief||get drunk|
|catch fire||get frightened|
|catch sight of||get home|
|catch someone’s attention||get lost|
|catch someone’s eye||get married|
|catch the flu||get nowhere|
Interested in Additional Resources?
Check some of these resources before you leave
- Means of Transportation in English
- The 3000 Most Common Words in English
- 50 Most Common Expressions with Get
- Soccer Vocabulary in English
- The 60 Most Useful Idioms
- How to Talk about Movies in English
These are some additional resources to help you learn more about collocation such as list, worksheets, quizzes and dictionaries.
- The Academic Collocation List
- Collocations Worksheets
- Collocations Quiz
- Another Collocation Quiz
- Online Collocation Dictionary