The Stages of the Writing Process

Stages of the Writing Process

The Writing Process

Process writing as a classroom activity incorporates the four basic writing sttages 

Stages in the Writing Process

The four stages of the writing process are the following:


Pre-writing is any type of activity that encourages learners to write. The folowing activities provide the learning experiences for students at this stage:

Group Brainstorming

Group member share ideas about a particular topic and spontaneity is the most important factor since there are no right or wrong answers. All ideas are welcome in this stage

Rapid Free Writing

Students write as much as they can about a topic during 1 or 2 minutes. Student write freely and quickly singles words and phrases about a specific topic

Wh- Questions

Students generate who, why, what, where, when and how questions about a topic. Students can gather information from different sources to answer the questions they generate.


Once enough ideas are gathered during the planning stage, the first attempt at writing is drafting.

In this stage, authors of a piece of writing are focused on writing fluency rather than focusing on accuracy or the neatness of the draft.

Writers usually take into account the readers since that can dictate a certain  style to be used. 

before moving to the revision stage, learner usually receive feedback from instructors. This feedback can oral or in writing.


When students revise, they revise their draft based on the feedback given in the responding stage.

They reexamined what was written and see how effective they were at communicating their ideas.

Revising is not only checking for language errors, it is done to improve the global content and organization of ideas,


A good writer must learn how to evaluate their own language  through checking their own text looking for errors. 

Learner can also interchange text wth peers, it is common for writers to ask friends and colleagues to check texts for spelling, etc


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