So we can fully understand what complex sentences are, we need to understand two important concepts:
- A dependent clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone as a sentence. For Example: Where there is smoke
- An Independent Clause is a group of words made up of a subject and a predicate, it can stand alone as a sentence. For example. I have to buy food from the Supermarket
Now we understand what dependent and independent clauses are, we can define what a complex sentence is
In grammar, a complex sentence is a sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
A complex sentence is often used to make clear which ideas are most important, and which ideas are subordinate.
Table of Contents
Complex Sentences and Subordinating Conjunctions
A subordinating conjunction is a word or phrase that links a dependent clause to an independent clause.
Subordinating conjunctions have two main objectives.
- First, it provides a necessary transition between the two ideas in the sentence
- The second job of the subordinate conjunction is to reduce the importance of one clause so that a reader understands which of the two ideas is more important.
Complex sentences are often formed by putting these words at the beginning of the dependent clause.
|in order that||unless||why|
Complex Sentences Examples
These are 17 examples of Complex Sentences
- Wherever you go, you can always find good people.
- I ate the meal that you cooked.
- Although he was rich, he was still unhappy.
- When she was younger, she believed in Santa Claus.
- Although it was very long, the movie was still entertaining.
- I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me.
- Stay in the bath until the phone rings.
- My mom smiled when I made dinner
- After I came home, I made dinner.
- We visited the museum before it closed
- If the dog goes to the county fair, he will eat popcorn.
- Stay in the room until the phone rings.
- While he waited at the station, Joe realized that the train was late.
- The football match was cancelled because it was raining.
- Since we are already late, we don’t have time to stop.
- If you have found the page, please begin reading.
- After being apart for years, he still had feelings for her.
- We visited the museum before it closed.
- When she was younger, she believed in ghosts
- Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave.
- Although the Justice League was very long, the movie was still enjoyable.
- Because it was raining, the soccer match was cancelled.
- Although I’m not very good, I really enjoy playing chess with my girlfriend
- I learned English because I studied very hard.
- Even though they were millionaires, they drive old cars.
Differences Between Compound and Complex Sentences
One of the main differences between compound and complex sentences is that a compound sentence is made up of two independent clauses and a complex sentence is made of a dependent and independent clause
- I usually play soccer and my brother plays basketball ( Compound Sentence)
- I usually play soccer in the yard while my brother is watching TV (Complex Sentence)
As you can see in the examples, I usually play soccer, my brother plays basketball and I usually play soccer in the yard are independent clauses because they can stand on their own.
While my brother is watching TV is a dependent clause because it can’t stand on their own.
Complex Sentences Video
This is a video that summarizes everything about complex sentences covered in this post.
More Grammar Resources
These are other grammar resources that you can use in your classes.