In grammar, Complex Sentences is a sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
A complex sentence is often used to make clear which ideas are most important, and which ideas are subordinate.
An independent clause (or main clause) is a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence. An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate and makes sense with another word(s).
A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause can either modify an adjacent clause or serve as a component of an independent clause.
Complex Sentence Examples
Sentences in bold are the independent clauses
- I ate the meal that you cooked.
- I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me.
- Stay in the bath until the phone rings.
- After I came home,I made dinner.
- We visited the museum before it closed
- If the dog goes to the county fair, he will eat popcorn.
Complex Sentences Exercises
- I’m going to the Supermarket_______ I need to buy some groceries
- I prepared dinner _________ I got home.
- She decided to trust Mike ________ he was a reliable guy.
- _______ we went to school, she decided to investigate the issue.
- Lisa decided to break up with Tom _________ he was too worried about his career.
- John bought a new car __________ he had received one as a gift last week.
- Derek days that there will be a problem _______ he doesn’t bring the car back.
- Sara will have finished the homeowrk ________ the time you get here
- ________ it’s raining, she’s going for a walk.
- ________ she passes her final exam, she will fail the class.