7 Effective Strategies to Build Writing Fluency


Fluency is an essential component in writing ability and development.

Writing Fluency refers to a student’s ability to write with a natural flow and rhythm. Fluent writers use grade-appropriate word patterns, vocabulary and content.

Teachers can help students in improving their overall fluency by engaging them in a variety of writing improvement activities.

Books to Learn More about Writing

These are two books that cover how to teach writing really well

  • How to Teach Writing
  • How to Teach English

7 Activities to Promote Writing Fluency

These are seven activities to promote writing fluency

1) Free Writing:

Students see a picture and in three minutes write as many words, phrases or sentences as they can to describe the picture.

Repeated once every two weeks, students can see an improvement over time.

2) Daily Question

The teacher prepares a bag with questions written on slips of paper. Every day a student selects one question, reads it out loud and students in pairs think individually about it for 30 seconds, share their ideas orally and finally write an answer. (This interaction pattern is called ‘Think, Pair, Share’.)

3) Musical Descriptions

The teacher plays a piece of music and asks students to write a description of what the music depicts.

For example, play the music from Space Odyssey and tell students they are astronauts. They should write about what they see and what they are doing.

4) Diary Writing

 The teacher gives each student five pieces of paper stapled together as a diary. Each student creates an attractive front cover and writes an introductory text; e.g. a CV or a letter to a pen friend.

The teacher keeps these diaries and brings them to class every day. Students spend 10 minutes to add a new entry on a choice of topics given.

5) Poems:

Give students a pattern for writing a simple poem, such as an alphabet poem. Students see a word written vertically. For example

Mother and write one line for each letter of the word, starting with that letter.

6) Chat

The teacher asks students to exchange opinions in writing about the topic they are reading about or listening to.

This can be done on small slips of paper which are passed to the partner or through an e-mail chain.

7) Making Connections

the teacher creates a collage on the board of pictures, words and phrases related to a topic.

Students write sentences using the language on the board and any ideas they get from the visuals.

How to Assess Writing Fluency 

How to use a 3-minute writing CBA to assess student writing fluency and complexity through readability analysis of vocabulary and sentence complexity

YouTube video

Other How to Teach English Articles

These are other articles which can help you teach English

  1. Top Down and Bottom up Processing
  2. How to Teach Reading
  3. 3 Stages for Teaching Reading
  4. 13 Examples of Post-Reading Activities
  5. 11 Examples of While-Reading Activities
  6. 15 Examples of Pre-Reading Activities
  7. What’s Free voluntary Reading?
Jose Manuel Campos N - English Professor

About manuel Campos

I am Jose Manuel, English professor and creator of EnglishPost.org, a blog whose mission is to share lessons for those who want to learn and improve their English