10 Characteristics of Teacher-Centered Instruction

Teacher-Centered Instruction

In Teacher-Centered Instruction, students put all of their focus on the teacher. You talk, and the students exclusively listen.

For example:

A typical Presentation – Practice – Production (PPP) lesson tends to be teacher-centred, as the teacher leads the activity and provides necessary information.

10 Teacher-Centered Instruction Characteristics

These are 10 characteristics of teacher-centered instruction

  1. The teacher is the center of knowledge and in charge of learning.
  2. Students are usually passively receiving information.
  3. The instructor’s role is to be primary information giver and primary evaluator.
  4. Students are viewed as “empty vessels” who passively receive knowledge from their teachers.
  5. Teachers and professors act as the sole supplier of knowledge, and under the direct instruction model, teachers often utilize systematic, scripted lesson plans.
  6. Teacher Centered Instruction is fairly low-tech, often relying on the use of textbooks and workbooks instead of computers
  7. Assessments are in many cases only carried out as summative and not formative evaluations and they rarely address qualitative issues of the learner’s progress.
Teacher-Centered Instruction

Teacher-Centered Instruction Pros and Cons

These are some of the pros and cons of using teacher- centered instruction:


  • The classroom remains orderly.
  • Students are quiet.
  • You retain full control of the classroom and its activities.
  • The teacher is an effective model of the target language.
  • The teacher is  an important source of information on how the learners are doing.


  • Students don’t learn to collaborate with other students.
  • Student don’t use their communication skills.
  • This type of instruction can be boring for students.
  • Teacher-centered education doesn’t allow students to express themselve and direct their own learning.
  • Students don’t outgrow their dependency on the supervising instructors and teachers.
  • Teacher-Centered Instruction doesn’t empower learner’s autonomous study-skills and subsequently lifelong learning skills.
  • Teacher-centered learning most often doesn’t address the importance of open inquiry.

Teacher Centered Approach PDF

These are some key research articles about the teacher-centered approach:


Learn More

Since teacher-centered instruction has been criticized and discouraged by experts, learn more about Learner-Centered Instruction.

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