10 Characteristics of Teacher-Centered Instruction

In this post, you will find anything you need to know about teacher-centered instruction and its characteristics.

In Teacher-Centered Instruction, students put all of their focus on the teacher. teachers talk, and the students exclusively listen.

A typical Presentation – Practice – Production (PPP) lesson tends to be teacher-centred, as the teacher leads the activity and provides necessary information.

10 Teacher-Centered Instruction Characteristics

These are 10 characteristics of teacher-centered instruction

  1. The teacher is the center of knowledge and in charge of learning.
  2. Students are usually passively receiving information.
  3. The instructor’s role is to be primary information giver and primary evaluator.
  4. Students are viewed as “empty vessels” who passively receive knowledge from their teachers.
  5. Teachers and professors act as the sole supplier of knowledge, and under the direct instruction model, teachers often utilize systematic, scripted lesson plans.
  6. Teacher Centered Instruction is fairly low-tech, often relying on the use of textbooks and workbooks instead of computers
  7. Assessments are in many cases only carried out as summative and not formative evaluations and they rarely address qualitative issues of the learner’s progress.

Teacher-Centered Instruction Pros and Cons

These are some of the pros and cons of using teacher- centered instruction:

The pros of teacher-centered instruction:

  • The classroom remains orderly.
  • Students are quiet as the teacher presents new information and lead the activities
  • Teachers retain full control of the classroom and its activities.
  • The teacher is an effective model of the target language.
  • The teacher is  an important source of information on how the learners are doing.

The cons of teacher-centered instruction:

  • Students don’t learn to collaborate with other students missing opportunities to share what they have learned.
  • Student don’t use their communication skills.
  • This type of instruction can be boring for students.
  • Teacher-centered education doesn’t allow students to express themselves and direct their own learning.
  • Students don’t outgrow their dependency on the supervising instructors and teachers.
  • Teacher-Centered Instruction doesn’t empower learner’s autonomous study-skills and subsequently lifelong learning skills.
  • Teacher-centered learning most often doesn’t address the importance of open inquiry.

Teacher Centered Approach PDF

These are some key research articles about the teacher-centered approach:

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Interested in learning how to teach English

These are some posts that cover how to teach reading and listening

  1. Presentation, Practice and Production
  2. The Stages of a Reading Lesson
  3. Pre-Reading Activities
  4. While-reading Activities
  5. Post- Reading Activities
  6. What types of listening are there?
  7. Listening for Gist and Detail
  8. Context for Listening and Speaking
Jose Manuel Campos N - English Professor

About Jose manuel

I am Jose Manuel, English professor and creator of EnglishPost.org, a blog whose mission is to share content and lessons for those who want to learn and improve their English