In Teacher-Centered Instruction, students put all of their focus on the teacher. You talk, and the students exclusively listen. During activities, students work alone, and collaboration is discouraged.
Teacher-Centered Instruction Characteristics
- The teacher is the center of knowledge and in charge of learning.
- Students are usually passively receiving information.
- The instructor’s role is to be primary information giver and primary evaluator.
- Students are viewed as “empty vessels” who passively receive knowledge from their teachers.
- Teachers and professors act as the sole supplier of knowledge, and under the direct instruction model, teachers often utilize systematic, scripted lesson plans.
- Teacher Centered Instruction is fairly low-tech, often relying on the use of textbooks and workbooks instead of computers
- Assessments are in many cases only carried out as summative and not formative evaluations and they rarely address qualitative issues of the learner’s progress.
Teacher-Centered Instruction Pros and Cons
- The classroom remains orderly.
- Students are quiet.
- You retain full control of the classroom and its activities.
- The teacher is an effective model of the target language.
- The teacher is an important source of information on how the learners are doing.
- Students don’t learn to collaborate with other students.
- Student don’t use their communication skills.
- This type of instruction can be boring for students.
- Teacher-centered education doesn’t allow students to express themselve and direct their own learning.
- Students don’t outgrow their dependency on the supervising instructors and teachers.
- Teacher-Centered Instruction doesn’t empower learner’s autonomous study-skills and subsequently lifelong learning skills.
- Teacher-centered learning most often doesn’t address the importance of open inquiry.
Since teacher-centered instruction has been criticized and discouraged by experts, learn more about Learner-Centered Instruction.