What are Pre-Listening Tasks?
The pre-listening stage help our students to prepare for what they are going to hear, and this gives them a greater chance of success in any given task .
Pre-Listening Tasks can:
- set the context of something they are going to listen to
- motivate students to listen.
- Activate background knowledge.
- Help teachers find out about what students already know about the topic.
- Prepare students for the vocabulary and language structures in the text.
- Help mitigate the anxiety which comes from listening in a foreign language, by providing a clear context.
- Offer opportunities for class discussion and more interaction among students.
What are the Stages of a Pre-Listening Task?
The two main stages of this part of the listening lesson are:
- The first stage involves activating schemata in order to help students predict the content of a listening passage.
- The second stage involves giving a student a reason for listening
What Types of Pre-Listening Tasks are there?
Here are some pre-listening activities which can be adapted easily for different classes and levels, as well as for general English and EAP listening lessons:
1. What’s your guess?
Show eye-catching images, maps, or diagrams to help students guess the theme(s) of the listening text.
Students can write pre-listening comprehension questions, then listen to see if their questions are answered.
2. Brainstorming & Word webs:
Give students the topic of the listening and elicit words from them. With students’ help draw semantic webs on the board with the words, focusing on the relationships between the words, the topic, and sub-topics that might come up in the listening.
3. Teach me
Give each student a couple of words and/or expressions. Ask them to explain the words/expressions to one another in pairs.
They may refer to the dictionary if they need to. Quickly check with the whole group, and students then predict if the words/phrases will occur in the listening itself. Students can listen and tick the ones they hear.
4. Chinese whispers
Arrange students in two lines, whisper a word/expression to the first in the line, who whispers it on to the next in line, and so on until the last student in the line shouts out the word/expression they hear or writes the word/expression on the board.
Score points for correct words. Use a sentence or expression related to the theme of the listening.
5. Sing along:
Teach students a short song, a rhyme, or a jazz chant on a topic related to the text they are going to listen to.
6. Graphic organizers
Give students a blank graphic organizer which summarizes the information in the text under headings. Students listen and fill-in key words that they hear in the correct places.
7. Have your say
If the listening involves a controversial issue or question – such as ‘What should be the minimum driving age?’ – have students give their opinions first.
Students then listen to the text and see what opinions are voiced.
You can also have a quick ‘anonymous’ poll, whose results can be revealed at the end of the lesson.
8. Let me read it first
Give students the first lines of the transcript of the text they are going to listen to.
You could even give them the whole transcript and very little time to read it (just for them to get the gist of the text).
Then work on listening for specific information without students reading the transcript. This is an effective activity for complex texts with many details.
9. Mime it
If there is a dialog in the listening, mime part of it, to arouse students’ interest.
10. What do I need to do, teacher?
Write instructions in point form for the listening in the wrong order. Ask students to order them.
This activity may help relax students for the listening, as they know exactly what is going to happen next.
Discuss the topic with students and have them brainstorm headings to take notes under. Then brainstorm the sort of transition words they might hear.
12. Who’s who?
If students are going to listen to a dialog (or text) with several characters (and of course if identifying the characters is not going to be one of the tasks in the listening!) give them an overview of who’s who in the listening
#13 True or False
As a teacher, you can prepare a series of statements, some of them true or and some of them false.
Read these to your students and let them determine if those statement you are making are true or false.
Don’t corroborate if they are right or wrong
This will help learners to have a reason for listening
Interested in Learning some more?
These are the first of two stages that every listening task should have.
Pre, while and post listening activities make up what is known as the 3 stages of a listening lesson.
How to Plan a Reading Lesson
- The Stages of a Reading Lesson
- Pre-Reading Activities
- While-reading Activities
- Post- Reading Activities
How to Assess Language Skills
- How to Assess Grammar and Lexis
- How to Assess Writing Skills
- How to Assess Reading Skills
- How to Assess Speaking Skills