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Understanding Point of View in Literature

Point of View in Literature

Point of view is the manner in which a story is narrated or depicted and who it is that tells the story. Simply put, the point of view determines the angle and perception of the story unfolding, and thus influences the tone in which the story takes place.

Different Types of Point of View

There are various types of POV:

First Person Point Of View

This point of view is in use when a character narrates the story with I-me-my-mine in his or her speech. The advantage of this point of view is that you get to hear the thoughts of the narrator and see the world depicted in the story through his or her eyes.

The first person POV is an evergreen viewpoint in literature. Check these examples

 Hunger Games 

Suzanne Collins
The Adventures of Huckleberry FinnMark Twain
Great ExpectationsCharles Dickens
To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee
The Great GatsbyF. Scott Fitzgerald
Moby DickHerman Melville

Second Person Point Of View

The second-person point of view is a point of view where the audience is made a character. This is done with the use of the pronouns “you”, “your”, and “yours.” The narrator is trying to address the audience, not necessarily directly, but rather to administer more of a connection

Third Person Point Of View

In the third-person narrative mode, characters are referred to by the narrator as “he”, “she”, or “they”, but never as “I” or “we” (first-person), or “you” (second-person). This makes it clear that the narrator is an unspecified entity or uninvolved person who conveys the story and is not a character of any kind within the story, or at least is not referred to as such.

There are four point of view narrative voices

Limited : Subjective or objective

The Giver Lois Lowry
Ender’s GameOrson Scott Card
1984 George Orwell
A Storm of Swords George R.R. Martin


Pride and PrejudiceJane Austen
 Hard Times Charles Dickens
The Scarlet LetterNathaniel Hawthorne

Point of View in Literature Exercises

  1. Point of View Worksheet PDF
  2. Point of View Worksheet 2 PDF
  3. Point of View Worksheet 3 PDF
  4. Point of View Worksheet 4 PDF
  5. Point of View Student Examples PDF
  6. Point of View Worksheet 6 PDF
  7. Point of View Worksheet 7 PDF
  8. Point of View Worksheet 8 PDF 
  9. Point of View Worksheet 9 PDF 
  10. Point of View Worksheet 10 PDF 
  11. Point of View Worksheet 15 | PDF
  12. Point of View Worksheet 16 | PDF
  13. Point of View Worksheet 17 | PDF
  14. Point of View Worksheet 18 | PDF
  15. Point of View Worksheet 19 | PDF
  16. Point of View Worksheet 20 | PDF

Further Reading

For more information about teaching and learning literature, check the How to teach Literature section in this blog

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