Poetry is the art of rhytmical composition, written or spoken for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.
There are several type of poems, the following are some of the most popular ones
Types of Poems
A limerick is a poem that consists of five lines and is often humorous. Rhythm is very important in limericks for the first, second and fifth lines must have seven to ten syllables. However, the third and fourth lines only need five to seven. All of the lines must rhyme and have the same rhythm.
One of the most famous types of poetry, the sonnet, has been popular with authors from Dante to Shakespeare.
A sonnet contains 14 lines, typically with two rhyming stanzas known as a rhyming couplet at the end.
An acrostic poem is a type of poetry where the first, last or other letters in a line spell out a particular word or phrase. The most common and simple form of an acrostic poem is where the first letters of each line spell out the word or phrase.
A nineteen-line poem divided into five tercets (three-line stanzas) and a closing quatrain (four-line stanza), the villanelle is further constrained by a regular rhyming scheme and two refrains that are echoed in each stanza.
a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.
In English literature, an elegy is a poem of serious reflection, usually a lament for the dead.
A commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument written to praise the deceased
The haiku is a Japanese form that arose in the 17th century, most famously in the writing of Matsuo Bashō.
Typically a haiku has 17 syllables, arranged in three lines, first five syllables, then 7, then 5. Haiku are most commonly about nature, often containing a seasonal reference