Grammar Explanations, Exercises and Worksheets: Transitive Verbs

 

Definition

A transitive verb is followed by a noun or noun phrase. These noun phrases are not called predicate nouns but are instead called direct objects because they refer to the object that is being acted upon. For example: “My friend read the newspaper.” “The teenager earned a speeding ticket.”

A way to identify a transitive verb is to invert the sentence, making it passive. For example: “The newspaper was read by my friend.” “A speeding ticket was earned by the teenager.”


Transitive Verbs List

 accept  chastise  embrace  handle  judge
 acknowledge  clean  enable  hang  keep
 admit  collect  encourage  head  key
 aggravate  comfort  entertain  highlight  kill
 answer  contradict  execute  honour  kiss
 ask  convert  enlist  hurry  knock
 avoid  crack  fascinate  hurt  lag
 beat  correct  finish  help  lay
 bend  dazzle  follow  imitate  lead
 bless  deceive  flick  impress  lean
 bother  define  forget  indulge  leave
 break  describe  freeze  insert  lighten
 brush  destroy  frighten  interest  limit
 build  discover  forgive  inspect  link
 cancel  distinguish  furnish  interrupt  load
 capture  drag  gather  intimidate  love
 carry  dress  grab  involve  lower
 catch  dunk  grasp  irritate  maintain
 change  edify  grip  join  marry
 chase  embarrass  grease  jolt  massage

 

 melt  protect  shake  tease  vacate
 mock  purchase  shame  terrify  vilify
 munch  punch  shove  threaten  viplate
 murder  puzzle  slam  throw  videotape
 notice  question  slap  tickle  wake
 number  quit  smell  tighten  want
 nurse  raise  soften  toast  warm
 offend  reassure  specify  transform  wash
 order  recognise  spell  tweak  warn
 page  refill  spit  twist  watch
 paralyze  remind  spread  turn  widen
 persuade  remove  squash  toss  wear
 petrify  repel  startle  try  win
 pierce  research  steer  understimate  wipe
 place  retard  strike  understand  wrack
 please  ring  surprise  unlock  wrap
 poison  run  swallow  unload  wreck
 possess  satisfy  switch  use  weep
 prepare  scold  teach  untie  dance
 promise  select  taste  upgrade  kneel

 


Two-place transitive: Vg verbs

Vg verbs (named after the verb give) precede either two noun phrases or a noun phrase and then a prepositional phrase often led by to or for. For example:  “The players gave high fives to their teammates.”

When two noun phrases follow a transitive verb, the first is an indirect object, that which is receiving something, and the second is a direct object, that being acted upon. Indirect objects can be noun phrases or prepositional phrases.


Two-place transitive: Vc verbs

Vc verbs (named after the verb consider) are followed by a noun phrase that serves as a direct object and then a second noun phrase, adjective, or infinitive phrase. The second element (noun phrase, adjective, or infinitive) is called a complement, which completes a clause that would not otherwise have the same meaning. For example: “The young couple considers the neighbors wealthy people.” “Some students perceive adults quite inaccurately.” “Sarah deemed her project to be the hardest she has ever completed.”


Related Articles

  1. Direct and Indirect objects on germanna.edu
  2. List of  common  transitive verbs on web2.uvcs.uvic.ca
  3. Transitive and intransitive verbs on bbc.co.uk
  4. Types of  verbs on uvu.edu
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