Grammar Lessons: The 8 Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.

There are eight main parts of speech nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.

Parts of the Speech: Verbs

A verb tells about an action or a state and is the main part of a sentence

  • The cat slept.
  • That is John.
  • She loves you.
  • They are running.

Parts of the Speech: Nouns

A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.

  • The dog slept.
  • That is John.
  • This is the Alton police station.
  • The pay of the job is high.
  • I have a new computer
  • I would like to buy a new phone

Parts of the Speech: Pronouns

pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun

  • She is very good at playing the piano.
  • I am doing something great
  • They will play soccer with us tomorrow morning
  • He is listening to music
  • We are the new students
  • It isn’t working as usual

Parts of the Speech: Adjectives

An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words.

  • I like blue skies and fluffy clouds.
  • He is a nice man.
  • It was a cold day.
  • They are good people.
  • She is really beautiful
  • I ate a very delicious dessert at the cafeteria
  • She has a very expensive phone

Parts of the Speech: Adverbs

An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as «how,» «when,» «where,» «how much».

  • The man walked slowly.
  • The dogs barked loudly.
  • She never cooks dinner for us
  • She lived happily with her husband
  • My sisters drives carelessly
  • My dog eats quickly
  • She was really angry with me

Parts of the Speech: Prepositions

Prepositions are words which link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence

aboutTell me a story about your chilhood
aboveThe waves came up above her head
acrossI  live across the street
afterI quit my job after one week.
againstWe are against discrimination
alongMy dog ran along the track with me
amongWe are among the only four survivors
aroundIt costs around 50 Dollars
atI have a blind date at the Coffee House
beforeThe church was built before the temple 
behindShe is standing behind that tree
belowPlease do not write below this line.
beneathHe found a penny beneath the couch
besideShe sat beside Marie
betweenIt is between the boxes and the sofa
byIt is a letter written by John
downI walked down the street
duringShe slept during the flight to France
exceptShe bought presents for everybody, except for me
forI bought a present for Emily
fromWe are from a foreign country
inWe are in the car parked outside
in front ofI live in front of the supermarket
insideThe keys are inside one of those boxes
instead ofI bought apples instead of pears
intohe entered into the woods
likeThis is a story like no other
nearThe hospital is near the gas station
ofI want a small piece of cake
offThe cat jumped off the counter
onShe always keeps her purse on the desk
ontoThe baby climbed onto the table.
out ofI was unable to get out of the appointment.
outsideWe are outside your house
overHe loved to sit over the rooftop 
pastThey took a walk past the park
sinceI don’t play soccer since 2005
throughThe car went through the tunne
toThe flight is going to India
towardMove toward the door
underThe car is under the car
underneathThere was a tunnel running underneaththe city.
untilI will stay until the show is over
upIt is up to us to find the answer
uponThe decision was based upon two considerations
withI am with my friends at school
withinI wil be there within a few minutes
withoutI am running without proper equipment
According toAccording to Science, Evolution is true

Parts of the Speech: Conjunctions

You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses, as in the following example:

ConjunctionSentence
AndI like tea and coffee.
IfIf they were older, they could go to the party.
OtherwiseLook at the map, please. Otherwise you’ll get lost.
WhenWhen you get to France, send me an email
In caseTake your phone with you in case you need my help
SinceSince you fail the test, you will have to apply again
HoweverShe worked hard however she didn’t lose weight

Parts of the Speech: Interjections

An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence.

  • Ouch, that hurt!
  • Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today.
  • Hey! Put that down!

Parts of the Speech: Exercises

Identify the parts of the speech  in the following sentence

  1. I finished last in the race.
  2. I ate lobster for lunch.
  3. I jumped into the water.
  4. I sang a beautiful  song.
  5. I started fire in the forest.
  6. She did the homework.
  7. She always says nice words.

Online Exercises – Parts of the Speech

  1. Word Formation
  2. Grammar Exercise – Parts of the Speech
  3. Part of the Speech Exercise

Parts of the Speech PDF

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