Understanding the different parts of speech is crucial for effective communication and proper grammar.
There are eight parts of speech in the English language, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.
Each part of speech serves a unique purpose within a sentence and contributes to the meaning and structure of the sentence.
- Nouns refer to people, places, things, or ideas
- Verbs express actions or states of being.
- Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns
- Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs, and pronouns take the place of nouns in a sentence.
- Prepositions show relationships between nouns and other elements in a sentence.
- Conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses
- Interjections express strong feelings or emotions.
Understanding the different parts of speech will not only improve your writing skills but also make it easier to understand the meaning of sentences.
Table of Contents
- 1 Video: Parts of Speech
- 2 Parts of the Speech: Verbs
- 3 Parts of the Speech: Nouns
- 4 Parts of the Speech: Pronouns
- 5 Parts of the Speech: Adjectives
- 6 Parts of the Speech: Adverbs
- 7 Parts of the Speech: Prepositions
- 8 Parts of the Speech: Conjunctions
- 9 Parts of the Speech: Interjections
- 10 Parts of the Speech: Exercises
- 11 Online Exercises – Parts of the Speech
- 12 Parts of the Speech PDF
- 13 Learn More
Video: Parts of Speech
This is a video that explains the parts of the speech
Parts of the Speech: Verbs
A verb tells about an action or a state and is the main part of a sentence
- The cat slept.
- That is John.
- She loves you.
- They are running.
Parts of the Speech: Nouns
A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.
- The dog slept.
- That is John.
- This is the Alton police station.
- The pay of the job is high.
- I have a new computer
- I would like to buy a new phone
Parts of the Speech: Pronouns
A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun
- She is very good at playing the piano.
- I am doing something great
- They will play soccer with us tomorrow morning
- He is listening to music
- We are the new students
- It isn’t working as usual
Parts of the Speech: Adjectives
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words.
- I like blue skies and fluffy clouds.
- He is a nice man.
- It was a cold day.
- They are good people.
- She is really beautiful
- I ate a very delicious dessert at the cafeteria
- She has a very expensive phone
Parts of the Speech: Adverbs
An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as “how,” “when,” “where,” “how much”.
- The man walked slowly.
- The dogs barked loudly.
- She never cooks dinner for us
- She lived happily with her husband
- My sisters drives carelessly
- My dog eats quickly.
- She was really angry with me
Parts of the Speech: Prepositions
Prepositions are words which link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence
|about||Tell me a story about your chilhood|
|above||The waves came up above her head|
|across||I live across the street|
|after||I quit my job after one week.|
|against||We are against discrimination|
|along||My dog ran along the track with me|
|among||We are among the only four survivors|
|around||It costs around 50 Dollars|
|at||I have a blind date at the Coffee House|
|before||The church was built before the temple|
|behind||She is standing behind that tree|
|below||Please do not write below this line.|
|beneath||He found a penny beneath the couch|
|beside||She sat beside Marie|
|between||It is between the boxes and the sofa|
|by||It is a letter written by John|
|down||I walked down the street|
|during||She slept during the flight to France|
|except||She bought presents for everybody, except for me|
|for||I bought a present for Emily|
|from||We are from a foreign country|
|in||We are in the car parked outside|
|in front of||I live in front of the supermarket|
|inside||The keys are inside one of those boxes|
|instead of||I bought apples instead of pears|
|into||he entered into the woods|
|like||This is a story like no other|
|near||The hospital is near the gas station|
|of||I want a small piece of cake|
|off||The cat jumped off the counter|
|on||She always keeps her purse on the desk|
|onto||The baby climbed onto the table.|
|out of||I was unable to get out of the appointment.|
|outside||We are outside your house|
|over||He loved to sit over the rooftop|
|past||They took a walk past the park|
|since||I don’t play soccer since 2005|
|through||The car went through the tunne|
|to||The flight is going to India|
|toward||Move toward the door|
|under||The car is under the car|
|underneath||There was a tunnel running underneaththe city.|
|until||I will stay until the show is over|
|up||It is up to us to find the answer|
|upon||The decision was based upon two considerations|
|with||I am with my friends at school|
|within||I wil be there within a few minutes|
|without||I am running without proper equipment|
|According to||According to Science, Evolution is true|
Parts of the Speech: Conjunctions
You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses, as in the following example:
|And||I like tea and coffee.|
|If||If they were older, they could go to the party.|
|Otherwise||Look at the map, please. Otherwise you’ll get lost.|
|When||When you get to France, send me an email|
|In case||Take your phone with you in case you need my help|
|Since||Since you fail the test, you will have to apply again|
|However||She worked hard however she didn’t lose weight|
Parts of the Speech: Interjections
An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence.
- Ouch, that hurt!
- Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today.
- Hey! Put that down!
Parts of the Speech: Exercises
Identify the parts of the speech in the following sentence
- I finished last in the race.
- I ate lobster for lunch.
- I jumped into the water.
- I sang a beautiful song.
- I started fire in the forest.
- She did the homework.
- She always says nice words.
Online Exercises – Parts of the Speech
These are some exercises to help you see how much you know about parts of the speech
Parts of the Speech PDF
These are parts of the speech exercises in PDF formar
- Identifying adverbs Exercise PDF
- Identifying adverbs Exercise PDF
- Parts of the Speech – Worksheet
- Grammar Quiz- Parts of the Speech
These are some posts that you might be interested in
- Prepositions: In, At and On
- Simple Present vs Present Continuous
- Use of Can and Could with Examples
- Modals of Ability in English
- Guide to Using Too and Enough
- Quantifiers Examples and Exercises
- The Past Perfect Continuous Tense
- Types of Adverbs in English: Guide & Examples
- List of the 50 most Common Prepositions
- Reported Speech: Structures and Examples