Grammar Lessons: Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

A verb tells about an action or a state and is the main part of a sentence

  • The cat slept.
  • That is John.
  • She loves you.
  • They are running.

A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.

  • The dog slept.
  • That is John.
  • This is the Alton police station.
  • The pay of the job is high.

pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun

  • She is very good at playing the piano.

An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words.

  • I like blue skies and fluffy clouds.
  • He is a nice man.
  • It was a cold day.
  • They are good people.

An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as “how,” “when,” “where,” “how much”.

  •  The man walked slowly.
  • The dogs barked loudly.

Prepositions are words which link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence

  • The cat is under the table.
  • He is sitting on the chair.
  • The pencil is in the box.

You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses, as in the following example:

  • I ate the pizza and the pasta.
  • Call the movers when you are ready.

An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence.

  • Ouch, that hurt!
  • Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today.
  • Hey! Put that down!

Identify the parts of the speech  in the following sentence

  1. I finished last in the race.
  2. I ate lobster for lunch.
  3. I jumped into the water.
  4. I sang a beautiful  song.
  5. I started fire in the forest.
  6. She did the homework.
  7. She always says nice words.

Online Exercises – Parts of the Speech

  1. Word Formation
  2. Grammar Exercise – Parts of the Speech
  3. Part of the Speech Exercise

Parts of the Speech PDF

More Grammar Resources