Parts of Speech
The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.
There are eight main parts of speech nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.
Parts of the Speech: Verbs
A verb tells about an action or a state and is the main part of a sentence
- The cat slept.
- That is John.
- She loves you.
- They are running.
Parts of the Speech: Nouns
A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.
- The dog slept.
- That is John.
- This is the Alton police station.
- The pay of the job is high.
- I have a new computer
- I would like to buy a new phone
Parts of the Speech: Pronouns
A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun
- She is very good at playing the piano.
- I am doing something great
- They will play soccer with us tomorrow morning
- He is listening to music
- We are the new students
- It isn’t working as usual
Parts of the Speech: Adjectives
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words.
- I like blue skies and fluffy clouds.
- He is a nice man.
- It was a cold day.
- They are good people.
- She is really beautiful
- I ate a very delicious dessert at the cafeteria
- She has a very expensive phone
Parts of the Speech: Adverbs
An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as “how,” “when,” “where,” “how much”.
- The man walked slowly.
- The dogs barked loudly.
- She never cooks dinner for us
- She lived happily with her husband
- My sisters drives carelessly
- My dog eats quickly.
- She was really angry with me
Parts of the Speech: Prepositions
Prepositions are words which link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence
|about||Tell me a story about your chilhood|
|above||The waves came up above her head|
|across||I live across the street|
|after||I quit my job after one week.|
|against||We are against discrimination|
|along||My dog ran along the track with me|
|among||We are among the only four survivors|
|around||It costs around 50 Dollars|
|at||I have a blind date at the Coffee House|
|before||The church was built before the temple|
|behind||She is standing behind that tree|
|below||Please do not write below this line.|
|beneath||He found a penny beneath the couch|
|beside||She sat beside Marie|
|between||It is between the boxes and the sofa|
|by||It is a letter written by John|
|down||I walked down the street|
|during||She slept during the flight to France|
|except||She bought presents for everybody, except for me|
|for||I bought a present for Emily|
|from||We are from a foreign country|
|in||We are in the car parked outside|
|in front of||I live in front of the supermarket|
|inside||The keys are inside one of those boxes|
|instead of||I bought apples instead of pears|
|into||he entered into the woods|
|like||This is a story like no other|
|near||The hospital is near the gas station|
|of||I want a small piece of cake|
|off||The cat jumped off the counter|
|on||She always keeps her purse on the desk|
|onto||The baby climbed onto the table.|
|out of||I was unable to get out of the appointment.|
|outside||We are outside your house|
|over||He loved to sit over the rooftop|
|past||They took a walk past the park|
|since||I don’t play soccer since 2005|
|through||The car went through the tunne|
|to||The flight is going to India|
|toward||Move toward the door|
|under||The car is under the car|
|underneath||There was a tunnel running underneaththe city.|
|until||I will stay until the show is over|
|up||It is up to us to find the answer|
|upon||The decision was based upon two considerations|
|with||I am with my friends at school|
|within||I wil be there within a few minutes|
|without||I am running without proper equipment|
|According to||According to Science, Evolution is true|
Parts of the Speech: Conjunctions
You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses, as in the following example:
|And||I like tea and coffee.|
|If||If they were older, they could go to the party.|
|Otherwise||Look at the map, please. Otherwise you’ll get lost.|
|When||When you get to France, send me an email|
|In case||Take your phone with you in case you need my help|
|Since||Since you fail the test, you will have to apply again|
|However||She worked hard however she didn’t lose weight|
Parts of the Speech: Interjections
An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence.
- Ouch, that hurt!
- Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today.
- Hey! Put that down!
Parts of the Speech: Exercises
Identify the parts of the speech in the following sentence
- I finished last in the race.
- I ate lobster for lunch.
- I jumped into the water.
- I sang a beautiful song.
- I started fire in the forest.
- She did the homework.
- She always says nice words.