How to Set Goals and Make Plans in English

How to Set Goals and Make Plans in English

How to Make Plans In English

How to Set Goals and Make Plans in English

To set goals and make plans in English, you need these three structures:

Going To

We use going to to talk about plans decided before the moment of speaking.


  1. I am going to do exercises every day
  2. I am going to buy a new house
  3. I am going to buy a new car
  4. She is going to get a new job
  5. He is gonna start a new major


  1. Are you going to do exercises next year?
  2. Are you going to get  a new job in 2018?
  3. Is she going to start med school?


We use will to talk about plans decided at the moment of speaking.

Affirmative Statements

will buy a new houseI won’t buy a house
She will start her own businessShe won’t start her own business
He will move to another countryHe won’t move to another country
We will get marriedWe won’t get married
They will fix their old carThey won’t fix their old car


  1. Will you buy a new house?
  2. Will you get married in  2020?
  3. Will you go abroad?
  4. Will you move to another country?
  5. Will you fix your old car?

Present Continuous

We can also use the present continuous to talk about future plans

Affirmative Sentences

  1. I am teaching a class next week in England.
  2. I am leaving tomorrow, I am going to start my major.

Type of Goals and Plans

Financial GoalsLove Goals 
Academic GoalsCareer Goals
Personal Development GoalsFitness Goals
Health GoalsRelationship Goals
Spiritual GoalsTravel Goals

Examples of Goals and Plans 

change careerGet a promotion
retirebuy a house
pay off loanssave enough money
learn another languageread more books
go to church  regularlyget more free time
get marriedhave children
stay fit  and activebuy a car

Smart Goals

The most common method to  teach people to set goals and make plans in English is the Acronym “SMART!

  • S:  Specific
  • M: Measurable
  • A: Achievable
  • R: Realistic
  • T: Timely

Example: I am going to run twice a week in 2018

  1. Is it specific?  Yes
  2. is it measurable? Yes
  3. Is it achievable? Yes
  4. Is it realistic? Yes
  5. is it timely? Yes
How to Set Goals and Make Plans in English

Lesson Plan – How to Set Goals and Make Plans in English


Level: Intermediate

Grammar Focus: Simple Future + Future with “Going”

Objective: To set and  talk about smart goals in different contexts of Life

Schema Activation

Task#1 (10 Mins)
  1. You must
    1. Create a Powerpoint Presentation  with images of people doing something.
    2. Cut parts of the picture so people don’t know what the person is doing.
    3. Ask the students to guess what the person is doing.

For example: You can show this image and ask students what’s she doing?

What's she Doing?

Let student’s guess what the picture is all about and then show the whole picture

What's she doing?

Since the topic is about how to set goals and plan, this activity can help review and introduce some vocabulary

Pre-Task (40 Mins)

Task #1
  1. Introduces key vocabulary about example of goals, type of goals and examples of smart goals using a Powerpoint Presentation and this video 
  2.  Half of the students are given a reading and the other half is  given a set of questions. They have to complete the task by communicating to each other. A version of the reading and the questions to inlude can be seen here
  3. Students are sent this youtube video or this video   in pairs, they have to:
    1. identify the top ten resolutions that are talked about in the video.
    2. identify key expressions.
    3. Talk about those goals with your partner for 5 minutes.
  4. Have students sit in pairs so they interview their classmates using a powerpoint presentation that can be seen on their smartphones, computer or tablets. That Powerpoint might include the same visual that you used in the prior presentation.
    1. Would you like to give up smoking in 2018?
    2. Would you like to exercise more?

Extra Task

  1. You can create a quizlet set  with the target grammar and ask students  to classify the goals into different categories:
    • Health and Fitness Life
    • Intellectual Life
    • Spiritual Life
    • Family and Love Relationship
    • Social Life
    • Financial Life
    • Academic and Professional Life

Main-Task (30 Mins)

  1. When students are finished, they would work with their classmates creating Smart Goals, they make sure the goal is specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-based.
  1. Students rehearse telling their smart goals to their classmates.
  1. Students talk about their goals to their classmates

Post- Task ( 30 Mins)

  1. Teacher makes three groups,  then students are given a sheet with sentences, those sentences have mistakes that students need to correct as a group. When students finish fixing the sentences.  They share their results with the group.

Learn More

If you want more lesson plans based on Task-Based Learning Approach, this is the page where you need to go right away: Task-Based Language Learning

Sources for Inspiration

  1. 12 Life Goals Categories
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