Task-Based Lessons: How to Set Goals and Make Plans

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Grammar to Set Goals and Make Plans

To set goals and make plans in English, you need these two structures:

Going To

Statements

  1. I am going to do exercises every day
  2. I am going to buy a new house
  3. I am going to buy a new car
  4. She is going to get a new job
  5. He is gonna start a new major

Questions

  1. Are you going to do exercises next year?
  2. Are you going to get  a new job in 2018?
  3. Is she going to start med school?

Will

Statements

  1. I will buy a new house
  2. She will start my own business
  3. He will move to another country
  4. We will get married
  5. They will fix their old car

Questions

  1. Will you buy a new house?
  2. Will you get married in  2018?
  3. Will you go abroad?

Smart Goals

The most common method to  teach people to set goals and make plans in English is the Acronym “SMART!

  • S:  Specific
  • M: Measurable
  • A: Achievable
  • R: Realistic
  • T: Timely

Example: I am going to run twice a week in 2018

  1. Is it specific?  Yes
  2. is it measurable? Yes
  3. Is it achievable? Yes
  4. Is it realistic? Yes
  5. is it timely? Yes

Lesson Plan – How to Set Goals and Make Plans

Details

Level: Intermediate

Grammar Focus: Simple Future + Future with “Going”

Objective: To set and  talk about smart goals in different contexts of Life

Schema Activation

Task#1 (10 Mins)

  1. You must
    1. Create a Powerpoint Presentation  with images of people doing something.
    2. Cut parts of the picture so people don’t know what the person is doing.
    3. Ask the students to guess what the person is doing.

For example: You can show this image and ask students what’s she doing?

What's she Doing?

Let student’s guess what the picture is all about and then show the whole picture

What's she doing?

Since the topic is about how to set goals and plan, this activity can help review and introduce some vocabulary

Pre-Task (40 Mins)

Task #1

  1. Introduces key vocabulary about example of goals, type of goals and examples of smart goals using a Powerpoint Presentation and this video 
  2.  Half of the students are given a reading and the other half is  given a set of questions. They have to complete the task by communicating to each other. A version of the reading and the questions to inlude can be seen here
  3. Students are sent this youtube video or this video   in pairs, they have to:
    1. identify the top ten resolutions that are talked about in the video.
    2. identify key expressions.
    3. Talk about those goals with your partner for 5 minutes.
  4. Have students sit in pairs so they interview their classmates using a powerpoint presentation that can be seen on their smartphones, computer or tablets. That Powerpoint might include the same visual that you used in the prior presentation.
    1. Would you like to give up smoking in 2018?
    2. Would you like to exercise more?

Extra Task

  1. You can create a quizlet set  with the target grammar and ask students  to classify the goals into different categories:
    • Health and Fitness Life
    • Intellectual Life
    • Spiritual Life
    • Family and Love Relationship
    • Social Life
    • Financial Life
    • Academic and Professional Life

Main-Task (30 Mins)

Task

  1. When students are finished, they would work with their classmates creating Smart Goals, they make sure the goal is specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-based.
  2. Students rehearse telling their smart goals to their classmates.
  3. Students talk about their goals to their classmates

Post- Task ( 30 Mins)

  1. Teacher makes three groups,  then students are given a sheet with sentences, those sentences have mistakes that students need to correct as a group. When students finish fixing the sentences.  They share their results with the group.

Learn More

If you want more lesson plans based on Task-Based Learning Approach, this is the page where you need to go right away: Task-Based Language Learning

Sources for Inspiration

  1. 12 Life Goals Categories
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