Advertisements

Grammar Lessons: Present Perfect

Present Perfect

The Present Perfect is used to indicate a link between the present and the past.

The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself.

Affirmative and Negative Sentence

AffirmativeNegative
I have danced beforehaven’t danced before
You have been here twiceYou haven’t been here
She has kissed meShe hasn’t kissed me yet
He has made dinner here yetHe hasn’t made dinner here yet
It has happened beforeIt hasn’t happened yet
We have robbed beforeWe haven’t done anything illegal
They have done their homeworkThey haven’t done their homework

Questions

Check how these question are made in the follow chart. 

Wh-QuestionHas / HavePronounPast Particple
Wherehave you been?
Whathas she done ?
Where have they gone?
What have wemade

Present Perfect with For and Since

For and since are commonly used with the present perfect tense.

For

We use for to talk about a period of time.

  1. I haven’t smoked for weeks
  2. I haven’t done anything illegal for months
  3. I  haven’t paid my taxes for years, I might go to jail.

Since

We use since to talk about a specific point in time, or a time when the action started.

  1. I haven’t smoked since 2010.
  2. I haven’t done anything illegal since last September
  3. I haven’t paid my taxes since 2011

Present Perfect: Just, Still, Yet and Already

Yet is used to talk about something which is expected to happen

  • You haven’t finished your homework yet
  • I haven’t called her yet
  • She hasn’ t eaten yet
  • he hasn’t called the doctor yet

Just means ‘a short time ago’.

  • Jena has just called
  • Liam has just finished his performance
  • I have just cleaned this floor
  • Dad’s just washed up.
  • The football game has just begun

Still is used to talk about something that hasn’t finished 

  • The bus still hasn’t come
  • I still haven’t finished my homework..
  • I still haven’t done that

Already is used to say that something has happened early 

  • I’ve already wasted all the lottery money
  • The bus has already left
  • I have already done the chores.
  • Have you already eaten?
  • Have the kids already eaten their lunch?
  • I’ve already called the doctor.

The Present Perfect used on Television

Advertisements