Minority Groups have five characteristics:
- They suffer discrimination and subordination,
- physical and/or cultural traits that set them apart, and which are disapproved by the dominant group.
- a shared sense of collective identity and common burdens.
- socially shared rules about who belongs and who does not.
- tendency to marry within the group.
Racial or ethnic minorities
Every large society contains ethnic minorities and linguistic minorities. Their style of life, language, culture and origin can differ from the majority.
Gender and sexuality minorities
The abbreviation LGBT is currently used to group these identities together : Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people .
Persons belonging to religious minorities have a faith which is different from that held by the majority. Most countries of the world have religious minorities. It is now widely accepted in the west that people should have the freedom to choose their own religion, including not having any religion (atheism and/or agnosticism), and including the right to convert from one religion to another.
The elderly, while traditionally influential or even dominant in the past, have in the modern age usually been reduced to the minority role of economically ‘non-active’ groups.
People with disabilities
The Disability rights movement has contributed to an understanding of people with disabilities (including not to be called ‘disabled’) as a minority or a coalition of minorities who are disadvantaged by society.
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