Teaching Literature: Overview of Literary Periods and Movements

 

Literary Periods and MovementsLiterary Periods and Movements

Literary Periods and Movements is the evolution of  literature through time. There are 13 main Literary Periods and Movements

Medieval  Period is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages

Renaissance was a period in European history, from the 14th to the 17th century, regarded as the cultural bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history. This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, politics, science and literature.

Enlightment is also known as the age of reason. It was an intellectual and philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century that saw the rise of concepts such as reason, liberty and the scientific method.

Romantic Period was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and its a reaction to the Enlightment.

Trascendentalism: is a philosophical, political and literary movement whose father is Ralph Waldo Emerson and that proposes that knowledge can be obtained through the senses, intuition and contemplation. It arose as a reaction to or protest against the general state of intellectualism and spirituality.

Victorian period is literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901.

Naturalism is a literary movement that emphasizes observation and the scientific method in the fictional portrayal of reality. Novelists writing in the naturalist mode include Émile Zola (its founder), Guy de Maupassant, Thomas Hardy, Theodore Dreiser, Stephen Crane, and Frank Norris.

Realism is an approach that attempts to describe life as it is without idealization or romantic subjectivity.

The Bloomsbusry Group  was an influential group of associated English writers, intellectuals, philosophers and artists, the best known members of which included Virginia Woolf, John Maynard Keynes, E. M. Forster and Lytton Strachey.

Existencialism is a movement in philosophy and literature that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice.  It focuses on the question of human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the core of existence. It holds that, as there is no God or any other transcendent force, the only way to counter this nothingness is by embracing existence.

The Beat Generation is a literary movement started by a group of authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post-World War II era. The bulk of their work was published and popularized throughout the 1950s.

Modernism has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction

Post- Modernism is a form of literature which is marked, both stylistically and ideologically, by a reliance on such literary conventions as fragmentation, paradox, unreliable narrators, often unrealistic and downright impossible plots, games, parody, paranoia, dark humor and authorial self-reference.

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