How to Express Ability in English
Grammar Structures to Express Ability
- When I was a kid, I used to play soccer every day
- I used to study a lot when I was in university
- When I was in university, I couldn’t drive
- When I was young, I could run very fast
- I wasn’t able to speak English
- I am to be English
- Allan can swim well
- Jack can’t play the paino
- Next Year, I will learn how to drive
- Next I will learn how to surf
Verbs Useful to Express Ability (Action Verbs)
- When I was in University, I couldn’t drive but I can drive now
- When I was a kid, I couln’t speak English but I can speak fluently now
- I could sleep eight hours a day when I was younger but I can’t do that now
What You Need to Teach this Lesson
- Pieces of papers with verbs to play charades
- Pictures that have the target grammar and vocabulary (Crello and Canva can help)
- Sentences to play chinese whispers
- Any reading and questions that it is consistent with the target grammar and vocabulary
- Powerpoint with images that make students express past and present abilities
- Google Form with questions such as do you dance? do you know how to swim?
- Online responsive quiz that can be taken using a cellphone
- Three blank sheets of paper
How to Express Ability in English – Lesson Plan
Introduction (15 Mins)
- Teacher introduces himself or herself if that is very first time teaching that group
- Students introduces themselves ( Names, place of residence and stuff they like)
- Teacher provides contact details and creates whatsapp group
- Teacher explains the chronogram
- Teacher answer question if they have them.
- PowerPoint that has pictures related to abilities
Schema Activation (10 Mins)
- Students makes two or three teams and they play charades using the action verbs.
Pre-Task (65 Mins)
Task#1 ( 25 Mins)
- Teacher introduces the topic by giving example about examples of people expressing ability in the past and future.
- Students read the image descriptions and indicate which are key grammar structures to express ability and the action verb included.
- Now that they students have review some sentences, they make two rows and play Chinese / English whispers
Task#2 (30 Mins)
- Students make pairs, one of them has a reading and another person has questions about the reading.
- They don’t show each other sheets, a student makes a question and the other students searches for the answers and responds orally once he or she has it.
- When they finished, they do the same exercises with another classmate
Task #3 ( 20 Mins)
- Students are sent a Powerpoint in a PDF Format and they have to express ability using the images found in the PDF file as reference.
- They switch every two minutes and talk to other classmates about it
Main-Task (40 Mins)
- Student are sent a Google Form that has information about what the students is able to do, questions such as: Do you know how to drive?, Can you sing?, Can you dance?
- Students asked those questions to each other
- Once they finish they have to tell each other abilities, then they have to report those abilities to another couple.
Post-Task (30 Mins)
Task #1 (15 Mins)
Teachers sends students a quiz tha summarizes the topic covered today: How to Express Ability
Task #2 (15 Mins)
Students are given three blank sheet of paper, students take turns and write a sentence expressing ability. Teacher review aspects such as grammar and spelling and gives recommendations.
If you are interested in information about task-based lesson, make sure to visit this page for more information