How to Learn English by Yourself
Strategic Investment is one of the principles of language learning and teaching included in a list of 12 principles made by H. Douglas Brown
Strategic Investment is defined as:
Success in learning is dependent on the time and effort learners spend in mastering the language learning process according to their ability
Now you know that learning a language takes time and effort but sometimes you have some challenges like
- I don’t have much time to study English
- I don’t have enough money to hire a private tutor.
- I don’t know where to start
Those challenges and struggles can be real however there are practical solutions to those three problems.
Tips for Learning English Well
- Don’t you dare to think that you are learning based on the fact that you are passing classes: passing a class is not an indicator that you are learning. Most universities don’t certify the levels of the students who graduate so you will see students getting a degree being proficient, others being independent users of the language and even basic users of the language.
- Stop building upon the sand: As mentioned in the previous point, sometimes learners pass a class because they were lucky enough to have a teacher who didn’t care to help them or to fail them, and that’s why you see students pretending that they understand the passive voice even when they have issues with the simple present. When they finish their courses, they end up learning a little bit about something with huge gaps of knowledge here and there.
- Stop blaming others. We all know somebody who thinks that his/her lack of competence and proficiency is the result of others not doing their jobs. Of course, we all desire to have teachers who are proficient, passionate about teaching and who have an expertise in the subject matter they teach, but you must remember that you go to classes for three hours a week and a week is made up 168 hours, so try to spend some time studying on your own.
- You don’t need a teachers for everything. There are many resources avaialble in the palm of your hand to learn English, don’t you think that you have to start your car, drive for an hour and sit through a lesson to learn English. You can do a lot of work by yourself. Universities and Language Institutes don’t have the teaching and learning monopoly.
- Worry about results: When you start workiing out, you expect to see results after a few weeks of training, if you are studying by yourself or attending classes, you should have the same mindset that you have when you start working out. You need to be able to see some results. Attending a class for several weeks, months and years and not being able to see results that you are happy with doesn’t pay off.
- Pay attention to others: There are people who have succeeded in learning a language, why not ask them about what they did to achieve that success? I can tell you that it is awesome to know somebody who knows more than you about something because that means that you can see clearly where you are headed.
- Identify what you know and you don’t know. The best way to know if you are learning or not is making a list of what you know and you don’t know. If you are worried about your grammar, just open a grammar books and check the index. When you have identified your strenghts and weaknesses, make sure to make plans to move some topic from one colum to the other.
- Enjoy learning. Sometimes I see students complaining too much about learning English, when you do that, it means that you aren’t in love with the language and that you are trying to force something that is not your thing. Study English for the right reasons.
- English is a mean of communication: You don’t learn English sitting quitely in a corner while other classmates do all the talking. Using your receptive skills is awesome but we have to see the results, the only way to see if the classes are paying off is when you dare to write or say something in English.
Tips for Learning English by Yourself
One of the hobbies that you should have while learning a language is to listen to music. Listening to music is crucial to successful language learners because:
- Listening to songs in English again and again will help you increase your vocabulary size.
- Repetition is necessary to remember new vocabulary.
- You will get used to listening English speakers and different varieties of English accents.
- You will reinforce the pronunciation and other pronunciation features such as intonation.
You just need your phone and install musixmatch to understand what you are listening to. You can listen to music as you commute to work or university and even when you exercise.
Try spending some time checking songs in English on Youtube, most of popular songs have lyrics videos.
Let’s just say that you want to improve your accuracy but you don’t know where to start. If you are an independent learner, you don’t need to hire somebody to fix problems that you can fix youself.
My best recommendation to make huge improvements in your grammar and pronunciation is buying or downloading these two books:
You can download those two books and check the holes in your game by yourself, you can teach yourself grammar and pronunciation with both books, they have a very practical approach.
Nowadays everyone has a smartphone, You might be reading this article in expensive one so why don’t you put that cellphone to a good use?
Try searching for for applications to:
- Increase your vocabulary size
- have a more accurate pronunciation
- improve your grammar
If you haven’t been living under a rock for the last decade, you might know what Netflix is. In case you aren’t a netflix user yet. I can give you a hint of what you can get there.
In Netflix you can choose a show or a movie from a huge collections of titles and in most cases you will have the option to watch your show or movie in English and with subtitles in English.
If you think watching a show or movie in English is quite challenging, watch the movie in spanish first or with subtitles in spanish and then give it a try in English with subtitles in English or without them.
Start reading in English, you might start with books that don’t have a complex plot such as the little prince. I like to advise people to use the Google Play Book apps since you can buy books and download some for free.
The benefits of using an app is that you can get books easily for free and the best book apps will give options such as a integrated dictionary.
#6 Start Writing
When you have some time off, start writing sentences in a notebook or in a note app such as Evernote. Write a few sentences every day , then start writing a few paragraphs about fun topics. Show your work to a classmate or a teacher, I bet that he or she will be happy to help you.
If you consider that you grammar and pronunciation is kinda accurate and that your vocabulary size is decent enough for exchanges and small conversations, try to enroll in a class in which communication is a priority or find a partner to practice with.
Once you know what you are supposed to know and your grammar and pronunciation is accurate, you start dreaming about this idea of an American, British or Australian accent.
Some teachers and learners give that dream a thought or two and abandon that quest meanwhile others want to get one but what’s accent? why are some people so obsessed with the idea of getting one? and what accent do you want?
Well, accent is defined by Wikipedia Collaborators as “a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation” If that definition is accurate, why would you like to sound British if you lived in Brazil? That’s like living in Costa Rica and using a hack to catch Pokemons in California.
This is not over yet, Wikipedia continues and states that “An accent may identify the locality in which its speakers reside, the socio-economic status of its speakers, their ethnicity, or social class or influence from their first language”
Did you read that last part? If you are a non-native speaker, people might identify the country that you are from because of your accent.
Let’s move on, this is far from over.
Wikipedia states “The most important factor in predicting the degree to which the accent will be noticeable is the age at which the non-native language was learned”
Sorry if I shot your hopes down and if you think that your age is just a number. Age is a factor.
There is more, here comes another nail in the casket, Wikipedia states:
“The critical period theory states that if learning takes place after the critical period (usually considered around puberty) for acquiring native-like pronunciation, an individual is unlikely to acquire a native-like accent, Most researchers agree that for adults, acquiring a native-like accent in a non-native language is nearly impossible”
Nearly Impossible? Tom Cruise wouldn’t take that mission, I am sure.
Do you want one more quote? it is not about age, I promise, Here it comes:
“Getting an accent depends on factors other than age, such as length of residence, similarity of the non-native language to the native language and the frequency with which both languages are used”
That hurts, so if you wan to get that accent, you have to move, right now to that place. Have you ever wondered what professional in the field recommend?
Listen to what Jack C. Richards has to say.
What should be the focus then?
Focus on getting an accurate pronunciation, good fluency and try to speak how a native speaker would speak, I mean learn what phrases they usually use for certain activities. Don’t get obsessed over something that it is very unlikely that you get.
If you think that you can get an accent without leaving your home country, be reasonable and ask yourself if that’s something way out of your reach. If you have an accent, who can certify that? You might not sound like you think you sound like.
If you are reading this and you don’ t know me, don’t get mad at me for being reasonable, I am a not native speaker and I do my best to have accurate pronunciation and I am proficient, that’s all that matters.
I bet there are some other fun ways to learn English without spending tons of money in institutes. Learning how to be an independent learner is way cheaper that being a passive learner.
Avoid at all cost the idea that passing a course means progress. You will recognize progress when you are experiencing it.
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