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Grammar Lessons: Present Continuous

Present Continuous / Progressive

The present progressive tense (also called present continuous tense) is the tense that expresses:

Actions happening now I am doing my homework
Actions that will occur in the near futureI am teaching a class tomorrow morning
Temporary states Her mother’s living with her at the moment.
Repeated Temporary events I’m not drinking much coffee these days.
Gradual changeMaria, 37, is getting better
Plans and arrangementsWe’re moving to Cambridge in July.

Present Continuous

Positive and Negative Statements

These are some examples of affirmative and negative statements using the present continuous

Positive SentenceNegative Sentence
I am teaching a classI am not teaching a class
You are doing your homeworkYou aren’t doing your homework
She is cookingShe isn’t cooking
He is planning a lessonHe isn’t planning a lesson
It is workingIt is not working
We are playing We are not playing 
They are taking a napThey aren’t taking a nap

Interrogations

These are some examples of questions using the present continuous

Positive QuestionsNegative Questions
Are you teaching a class?Aren’t you teaching a class?
is he working now?isn’t he working now?
is she making dinner?Isn’t making dinner?
is it raining there?isn’t it raining there?
Are they studying?Aren’t they studying?
Present Continuous

Present Progressive to Talk about the future

The present continuous can refer to the future. It shows that we have already decided something and usually that we have already made a plan or arrangements:

Affirmative Sentences

  1. My dad is visiting us next week
  2. I am teaching a class tomorrow
  3. He is making dinner tonight
  4. She is doing her homework later tonight
  5. We are playing soccer tonight, will you join us?
  6. I am taking the train to Paris tomorrow.

Negative Sentences

  1. James isn’t working tomorrow morning
  2. Linda isn’t making dinner for us, we have to prepare something.
  3. I am not meeting anybody tonight
  4. We are not having a staff meeting next week
  5. She is not staying with me tonight, I am gonna drive her home.
  6. I am not going to watch TV after school

Questions

  1. is she working next week?
  2. Are you watching any movies tonight?
  3. Are you going to the cinema this weekend?
  4. Are you having a party for your birthday?
  5. Is she running with us tomorrow?
  6. Is your grandma visiting us next week?
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