Present Continuous: Definition
The verb form used for actions or events that are happening or developing now.
- The kids are watching TV.
- My mom is coooking something delicious at home.
- I am making a cake for the birthday party.
- She is doing her homework.
- He is checking his Instagram account.
Present Continuous: Uses
The present progressive tense is the tense that expresses:
|Actions happening now||I am doing my homework|
|Actions that will occur in the near future||I am teaching a class tomorrow morning|
|Temporary states||Her mother’s living with her at the moment.|
|Repeated Temporary events||I’m not drinking much coffee these days.|
|Gradual change||Maria, 37, is getting better|
|Plans and arrangements||We’re moving to Cambridge in July.|
Positive and Negative Statements
These are some examples of affirmative and negative statements using the present continuous
|Positive Sentence||Negative Sentence|
|I am teaching a class||I am not teaching a class|
|You are doing your homework||You aren’t doing your homework|
|She is cooking||She isn’t cooking|
|He is planning a lesson||He isn’t planning a lesson|
|It is working||It is not working|
|We are playing||We are not playing|
|They are taking a nap||They aren’t taking a nap|
These are some examples of questions using the present continuous
|Positive Questions||Negative Questions|
|Are you teaching a class?||Aren’t you teaching a class?|
|is he working now?||isn’t he working now?|
|is she making dinner?||Isn’t making dinner?|
|is it raining there?||isn’t it raining there?|
|Are they studying?||Aren’t they studying?|
Present Continuous: Passive Voice
A passive voice is a type of a clause or sentence in which an action, or an object of a sentence, is emphasized rather than its subject. Simply, the subject receives the action of the verb.
|Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|I am reading a story||A story is being read to me|
|She is singing a song||A song is being sung by her|
|The carpenter is making furniture.||Furniture is being made by the carpenter.|
Present Continuous: Tag Questions
These are some examples of Tag Questions with the Present cotinuous:
|Negative Tag||She is going to the beach, isn’t she?|
|Negative Tag||We are learning English, aren’t we?|
|Positive Tag||We aren’t doing that, are we?|
|Positive Tag||He isn’t watching TV, isn’t he?|
Present Progressive to Talk about the future
The present continuous can refer to the future. It shows that we have already decided something and usually that we have already made a plan or arrangements:
These are some examples of Affirmative sentences using the present continuous to talk about the future:
- My dad is visiting us next week
- I am teaching a class tomorrow
- He is making dinner tonight
- She is doing her homework later tonight
- We are playing soccer tonight, will you join us?
- I am taking the train to Paris tomorrow.
These are some examples of negative sentences using the present continuous to talk about the future:
- James isn’t working tomorrow morning
- Linda isn’t making dinner for us, we have to prepare something.
- I am not meeting anybody tonight
- We are not having a staff meeting next week
- She is not staying with me tonight, I am gonna drive her home.
- I am not going to watch TV after school
These are some yes or no questions that use the present continuous to talk about the future
- is she working next week?
- Are you watching any movies tonight?
- Are you going to the cinema this weekend?
- Are you having a party for your birthday?
- Is she running with us tomorrow?
- Is your grandma visiting us next week?
These are some wh-questions that use the present continuous to talk about the future
- Where is she working next week?
- What movie are you watching tonight?
- Who is she meeting with tonight?
Present Continuous Exercises:
These are some present continuous exercise to help you understand this topic more:
- Present Continuous – Special Ocassions – Oxford University Press
- Present Continuous Exercises – Positive and Negative – Perfect- English-Grammar.com
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