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Grammar Lessons: Do and Does

Grammar Lessons: Do and Does

Do vs. Does

We use Do and Does to make questions in English. We put do or does at the beginning of the sentence.

Make Questions with Do

We use do at the beginning of the sentence when we make yes or no questions.

Do is used with the pronouns; I , you, we, they

Affirmative SentenceQuestions
I run a lot Do I run a lot?
You play soccerDo you play soccer?
We drink milkDo we drink milk?
They like the beachDo they like the beach?

Make Questions with Does

We use does at the beginning of the sentence when we make yes or no questions and we are using  the pronouns she, he or it ( Third Person Singular)

AffirmativeQuestions
She runs a lotDoes she run a lot?
He dances very wellDoes he dance really well?
It barks a lotDoes it bark  a lot?

Wh- Questions with Do and Does

The Wh- questions are the following:

WhatWhen
WhereWhich
WhoWhat

To make wh-questions with Do and Does, we have to stick with the pattern describe above.

Wh-questionDo / Does PronounVerb
WhereDoyoulive?

Examples of Wh-Questions with Do

  1. Where do you live?
  2. Why do they work?
  3. What do we need?

Examples of Wh-Questions with Does

  1. What does she live?
  2. Why does he work?
  3. What does the dog need?

Short Answers with Do and Does

The negative form of do is do not. It’s contracted form is don’t  and it is used with the pronouns; I, you, we and they.

  1. do not like sports.
  2. They don’t like sports.

The negative form of does is does not. The contracted form of does not is  doesn’t.  and it is used with the pronouns; she, he and it.

  1. He does not like sports
  2. She does’t like sports
Sample QuestionsAffirmativeNegative
Do I need a bag?Yes, you do.No, you don’t.
Do you need a pen?Yes, I do.No, I don’t.
Do you guys dance well?Yes, we do.No, we don’t.
Do they need my money?Yes, they do.No, they don’t.
Does he like soft drinks?Yes, he does.No, he doesn’t.
Does she want to play?Yes, she does.No, she doesn’t.
Does it  bark at night?Yes, it does.No, it doesn’t.

Time for Practice: Do and Does 

Grammar Exercises: Do or Does

Choose do or does  in every question
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