First staged in 1879, A Doll’s House is one of the most famous plays by Henrik Ibsen. Initially criticized, later acclaimed as one of the first works celebrating the right of women to live their lives to their fullest in XIX century male-dominated society, its interpretation was later extended to include the right of all individuals to discover who they really are and to become that person.
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“HELMER; But this is disgraceful. Is this the way you neglect your most sacred duties?
NORA: What do you consider is my most sacred duty?
HELMER: Do I have to tell you that? Isn’t it your duty to your husband and children?
NORA:I have another duty, just as sacred.
HELMER: You can’t have. What duty do you mean?
NORA: My duty to myself.”
- What’s the duty of a man?
- What’s the duty of a woman?
- Where do those ideas come from?
“From now on, forget happiness. Now it’s just about saving the remains, the wreckage, the appearance”
- What does happiness mean to you?
- Where does your definition of happiness come from?
- What makes you happy?
- Can your definition of happiness change?
“I believe that before anything else I’m a human being — just as much as you are… or at any rate I shall try to become one. I know quite well that most people would agree with you, Torvald, and that you have warrant for it in books; but I can’t be satisfied any longer with what most people say, and with what’s in books. I must think things out for myself and try to understand them.”
- Do my purpose in life should be the one that is held by the majority?
- Accepting the majority and what book says vs Thinking things out for myself? Pick one
“I am afraid, Torvald, I do not exactly know what religion is. … When I am away from all this, and am alone, I will look into that matter too. I will see if what the clergyman said is true, or at all events if it is true for me.”
- Why would Tovard use religion to make Nora stay?
- Universally truths vs personal thruth? Which one do you prefer?
No debt, no borrowing. There can be no freedom or beauty about a home life that depends on borrowing and debt.
Oh well, one can’t have anything in this life without paying for it.
- Is money essential to be happy?
- Is there anything that’s free in life? If so, Can you tell what that is?
It gives me great pain, Torvald, for you have always been so kind to me, but I cannot help it. I do not love you any more.
- What’s love? is love something subjective? Can love be objective?
- Do you need to have children to be happy? she left his children and husband?
- Do you need to be married to be happy?
- Why do people want to get married and have children?
Goodbye. [She goes out through the hall.]
- If you were Norah , What would you do next? What would his happy ending?
- If you were Tovard , What would you do and change?
- What’s your purpose in life? Could your purpose change?
- Do you think life is easy and beautiful or messy and complicated or a Little bit of both?