The Variety of Life on Earth



Students are shown the video Kingdom of Animalia and they make conclusions about what the topic is today


#1 Students makes groups of three and listen the track  “Mind-Blowing Variety of Life on Earth“, they note down  adjectives  and expressions  used by the speaker.

#2 Students make predictions about what they might see in the video and speak about them.

#3 Students  watch the video “Mind-blowing Variety of Life On Earth” and confirm if their expectation were met.

#4 Students watch the video “What’s Biodiversity”  and they answer the following questions

  1. What’s biodiversity?
  2. What are the main types of biodiversity studied by scientists?
  3. What’s a specie Biodiversity?
  4. What’s  genetic biodiversity?
  5. What ‘s ecosystem biodiversity?
  6. Which areas have more biodiversity?
  7. What happens when an specie is eliminated?
  8. Why is habitat conservation more important than ever?

#5 The variation and complexity of life is explained by a mechanism called “Natural Selection” , Student watch the video  What is Natural Selection? and answer the following questions

  1. What’s natural selection?
  2. What’s descent with modification?
  3. What’s common descent?
  4. Where can we find evidence for common descent?
  5. Who discovered natural selection?
  6. What’s the difference among tortoises in the Galapagus Islands?
  7. How is nature involved in natural selection?

#6 Students watch the video again and mark if these statements are true or not

  1. Natural is the only concept contained in the theory of evolution
  2. Descent with modification is an observable fact
  3. Common descent of all life on earth is not an observable fact
  4. The evidence of common descent is poor
  5. Charles Darwin was a naturalists
  6. Island have animals unique to those islands
  7. All tortoises are equal no matter where you go
  8. Animals have been suited to survive to their environment
  9. Plants are also a result of natural selections
  10. Nature is not capable of selection
  11. Natural Selection is not an observable fact
  12. Nature has a thinking mind


#7 Natural Selection can be seen so students go to the internet and find examples of how natural selection has shaped things up and they discuss that with their classmates

For example 

The Huaorani spend so much time climbing up trees their feet have evolved and most have very flat feet. Because of the small gene pool many also have six toes on each feet.  Some also have six fingers

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Becoming a Better Teacher of Listening


How to  teach  listening  is a great resouces of  ideas  to learn  how to become a better teacher of listener ,  these are some questions that  you can think about as  you go thorugh the book

Unit #1 : Listening in the world and language learning

  • How can we categorize the different types of listening?
  • What are the four  general difficulties categories?
  • What’s the bottom-up approach to listening?
  • What’s the top-down approach to listening?
  • Why do people should listen to English?
  • What’s the input hypothesis?
  • What’s comprehensible input?
  • What are the sixth mixth of teaching listening and learning english?
  • What’s schemata?

Unit #2 : Listening texts and Listening strategies

  • What makes a good listening text in term of content?
  • What makes a good listening text in term of delivery?
  • What are three differences between authentic and scripted listening?
  • What are the two modes how listening input comes to the classroom?
  • What are the three groups in which listening strategies can be divided?
  • What are the two types of conversation?

 Unit #3 : Listening sources , Listening tasks

  • What is better video or audio and why?
  • What is a guest speaker
  • What is the meaning of TTT and TTQ?
  • What are the different sources of listening?
  • What are some characteristic of good listeners?
  • What are the benefits of using film clips?
  • What are the benefits of using the internet
  • What’s podcasting?
  • What are some type of comprehension exercises?

Unit #4 : Pre-listening skills and  activities

  • What are six practical way to activate schemata?
  • What does the learner need to know before they listen to a recording?
  • How does the teacher need to be a tour guide during a listening task?
  • How does the teacher need to be a spy during a listening task?
  • What questions do I have to ask myself during the pre-listening stage?
  • What are the three stages or part in a listening sequence ?
  • What is realia?
  • What are high-order and low–order questions?
  • What are three things to avoid durig the pre-listening stage?

Unit #5 : While-listening skills and activities

  • What is picture dictation?
  • What is dictogloss?
  • What are some techniques for note-taking ?
  • What’s inferring?
  • What are two example of listening for detail activities?
  • What is listening for gist?
  • Why should we use listening activities ?
  • What is running dictation?
  • What are two listen and do activites that you would like to try?

Unit #6 : Post-listening skills  and activities

  • What are some reasons to exploit texts?
  • What are some creative response activity and explain with your own words one of them?
  • What discussion technique would you like to try? Support your answer
  • What is a summarizing technique that you would like to try ? Support your answer
  • What are four examples of reconstruction activities?

Unit #7 : Post-listening skills  and activities

  • What are the two types of planning?
  • What is a reason to adapt a published material?
  • What type of adaptation can be done to a listening sequence?
  • What are three sources of authentic material?
  • How can we exploit a film or TV?
  • What are some different ways to create your own authentic material?
  • What are some good suggestions when teaching young learners to listen in English?

Unit #8 : Listening in a wider context

  • What is integrated listening?
  • What are the four different types of assesment?
  • What’s test validity?
  • What’s test reliability?
  • What are three things teacher should when assessing listening?
  • How do you encourage students to listen outside the classroom?
  • What are three ways to become a better teacher of listening?


First Step:  Choose a  topic that for the 9th , 10th , 11th grade  from the ministry of Education

Second Step:  get an audio from the web  or take it from the  Listening through Dictation set which is suitable for your students . The audio must have its script

Take into account

  • The language level
  • The interest factor
  • The entertainment factor
  • The lenght of the recording
  • The quality of the recording
  • The Speech and number of speakers

Third Step:  Do a pre-listening activity that include one of the following  activities to activate schemata

  • brainstoming
  • visuals
  • realia
  • text and words
  • situations
  • opinion , ideas and facts

Fourth Step: Do a while-listening activity  (listening and complete the information) using the audio and script previously chosen in the second step.

Fifth Step:  Do a  post-listening activity  of your choice

Note: Prepare material for your classmates

Listening Practice Through Dictation

listening-practice-through-dictationListening Practice through Dictation is a four-level series that presents basic listening transcription activities designed for EFL learners ranging from beginner to upper intermediate. A time-honored method of teaching language, dictation has received renewed interest from teachers and learners worldwide. Each book in this series contains 40 units divided into eight themes. Each unit is comprised of five exercises based on a single listening text, which may be a dialog, monolog or continuous prose.

By focusing learners’ attention on text transcription, Listening Practice through Dictation encourages learners to notice and improve spelling, vocabulary, sentence structure, cohesive dievices used in speaking and writing, and punctuation, apart from providing invaluable exposure to audio-recorded language from native English speakers. The progression of grammar, vocabulary, passage length, and complexity is controlled from one book to the next in order to give learners an effective and rewarding stage-by-stage language learning experience.

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CD 1

1 A Picnic by the River, 2 Let’s Recycle!, 3 Growing Roses, 4 Bird Watching, 5 Trees in the Forest , 6 An Easy Way to Shop, 7 Cell Phone Messages, 8 Bubbles in Boiling Water,  9 A New Camera, 10 Gold, 11 The Blue Sky, 12 The Summer Music Festival, 13 The School Play , 14 Ballet Class, 15 Monet’s Garden, 16 A Haunted House, 17 A Big Screen TV, 18 He’s Famous!, 19 A Housewarming Party, 20 Making Music, 21 Where Is Your Homework? , 22 After School Activities, 23 Arts and Crafts Class, 24 Grandfather’s Birthday, 25 The Lesson, 26 A Problem at the Office, 27 My Future Job, 28  Shopping, 29 A Part-time Job, 30 Teamwork, 31 The Marathon, 32 Racquetball, 33 Summer Sports, 34 In line skating, 35 The Olympics, 36 A Bicycle trip, 37 Driving down south, 38 The Travel Agent, 39  Taking the Train, 40 Going on a cruise

There are three more CD’S