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Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Postmodernism

Postmodernism

Postmodernism Postmodernism in literature is a form of literature which is marked, both stylistically and ideologically, by a reliance on such literary conventions as fragmentation, paradox, unreliable narrators, often unrealistic and downright impossible plots, games, parody, paranoia, dark humor and authorial self-reference. Postmodern authors tend to reject outright meanings in their novels, stories and poems, and, instead, highlight and … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Postmodernism

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Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Modernism

Definition Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction The horrors of World War I (1914-19), with its accompanying atrocities and senselessness became the … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Modernism

Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to the Beat Generation

Definition The Beat Generation is a literary movement started by a group of authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post-World War II era. The bulk of their work was published and popularized throughout the 1950s. Central elements of the Beat Generation culture are: Rejection of standard narrative values Spiritual quest Exploration … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to the Beat Generation

Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Realism

Realims Realism is an approach that attempts to describe life as it is without idealization or romantic subjectivity Characteristics of Realism Writers describe everyday activities. Realism is attention to detail, and an effort to replicate the true nature of reality in a way that novelists had never attempted. Their stories take place primarily among the … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Realism

Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Naturalism

Naturalism is a literary movement that emphasizes observation and the scientific method in the fictional portrayal of reality. Novelists writing in the naturalist mode include Émile Zola (its founder), Guy de Maupassant, Thomas Hardy, Theodore Dreiser, Stephen Crane, and Frank Norris. Characteristics of Naturalism Naturalism began as a branch of literary realism. Naturalistic writers were criticized for being pessimistic and for concentrating excessively on the darker aspects of life. A characteristic of … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Naturalism

Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to the Bloomsbury Group

Definition The Bloomsbury Group was an influential group of associated English writers, intellectuals, philosophers and artists, the best known members of which included Virginia Woolf, John Maynard Keynes, E. M. Forster and Lytton Strachey. This loose collective of friends and relatives lived, worked or studied together near Bloomsbury, London, during the first half of the 20th century. According to Ian Ousby, “although its members denied being a … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to the Bloomsbury Group

Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Existentialism

Definition of Existentialism Existentialism is a movement in philosophy and literature that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. It began in the mid-to-late 19th Century, but reached its peak in mid-20th Century France. It is based on the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try to make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe. It focuses on the question of human existence, and … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Existentialism

Literary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Trascendentalism

Trascendentalism It is a philosophical, political and literary movement whose father is Ralph Waldo Emerson and that proposes that knowledge can be obtained through the senses, intuition and contemplation. It arose as a reaction to or protest against the general state of intellectualism and spirituality. Characteristics of the Trascendentalism Movement The roots of this philosophical movement go back to … Read moreLiterary Movements: The Beginner’s Guide to Trascendentalism