Teaching Pronunciation: Front, Central and Back Vowels

Phonemic Chart - Screenshot


Students will be able to identify front, central and back vowels in spoken language


Teacher introduces the five back vowels and examples of it.

  1. The first of the high vowels is /uː/ (as in food)
  2. The second high vowel is /ʊ/ as in good.
  3. The vowel made with mid tongue elevation is /ɔ:/ (as in caught).
  4. The vowel with the lowest tongue elevation is /ɑ:/ (as in palm).
  5. The final vowel  with slightly higher tongue elevation and slightly retracted tongue position is the sound /ɒ/ (as  cot, pot and lot)

Then teachers review the front and central Vowels

There are 3 Central vowels

  1. / ʌ / as in cup
  2. / ɜː / as in Learn
  3. / ə / as in about

There are 5 front vowels

  1. / i: / as in beat
  2. / ei / as in bait
  3. / e / as in bet
  4. / ɪ / as in fist
  5. / æ / as in bat


Listening Challenge

Student listen to some tracks and identify one-syllable words and categorize them using the front, central and  backs vowels chart.

The tracks that they will listen are the following:

  1. Group 
  2. Group
  3. Group 
  4. Group 

Post- Task

Students  will answer a quiz about the topic




Lesson Plan: Requesting and Offering Help



Requesting and Offering  in order to solve different situations face to face or by email

Target Phrases

  1. Could you give me a hand?
  2. Would you mind helping me out?
  3. Can you do me a favor?
  4. Would you like a bit of help?
  5. I wonder if you could help me with that

How to respond to polite requests

  1. ok
  2. sure
  3. certainly
  4. no problem
  5. Yes
  6. Please
  7. Ok
  8. I am  afraid I can’t do it
  9. No, Thanks
  10. Thank you


  • I need to buy a product on amazon, can you help me with that?
  • How can I help you?
  • Would you mind helping me with the suitcases?
  • Yes, of course
  • My computer is not working, Could you help me?
  • Sure
  • I need a new laptop, could you help me ?
  • Yes, come over here
  • Could you lend me a few dollars?
  • sure, no problem


  • Teacher  gives students a wordle and students create polite requests and send them to the class whatsapp group. If the sentences made by the students are the exact ones that the teacher has, the team gets a point, the team with more points gets a chocolate or two.
  • Teacher gives a quizlet set of expressions  and students classify those expressions into expressions to give and ask for help.
    • Could you help me please?
    • Do you need my help?
    • I was wondering if you needed any help
    • Can I ask you a favor?
    • How may I help you?
    • Can you do me a favor?
    • Could you do that for me?
    • Would you mind giving me some help?
    • Would you do that for me?
    • What can I do for you sir?
    • How can I help you?
    • Could I use your phone?
    • Do you want me to help you?
    • Can I give you a hand?


Students are going to create a dialogue about askinf for help

Post- Task

Students answer an online form in which students have to fix  questions  that have something wrong with grammar


Developing Nations : Rich and Poor Countries


Pre- Listening

1. Students are sent the vocabulary so they can check the meaning of those words before coming to class

1.            wealth

2.            average

3.            path

4.            quite

5.            growth

6.            to stagnate

7.            hurdles

8.            whether

9.            invariably

10.          Taxes

11.          offshore accounts

12.          meanwhile

13.          To hire

14.          merit

15.          duty

16.          sway

17.          striking (adj)

1.            trap

2.            revenues

3.            to disregard

4.            outlooks

5.            beliefs

6.            generalizations

7.            unsurprisingly

8.            look forward

9.            to improve

10.          instead

11.          to alter

12.          to slow down

13.          overwhelmingly

14.          Tough

15.          soil

16.          workforce

17.          Throughout

1.            Array

2.            Low income

3.            Unpleasant

4.            drop

5.            Landlocked

6.            Average

7.            to be packed with

8.            in spades

9.            To grab

10.          To buy into

11.          To allocate

12.          Policy

13.          To owe

14.          Success

15.          To amass

16.          To weight up

2. Students will respond these questions in a whatsapp group

  1. Which  are the poorest countries in the world?
  2. Which are the richest countries in the world?
  3. is  the republic of the  congo a rich country?
  4. What’s the Tetse fly?
  5. what’s are  poorest countries in asia?

During- Listening

In this stage, students are going to watch the video “Why Some Countries Are Poor and Others Rich” and complete the tasks

First Task: Students answer the following questions

  1. How many countries are there in the world?
  2. How many of them are very rich?
  3. What happens when countries don’t collect enough taxes?
  4. What are the consequences of clan-based thinking?
  5. What country is very religious and shows economic growth?
  6. Where are poor countries located?
  7. How is the soil in poor countries?
  8. What’s the poorest country in asia?
  9. What’s the name of the small fly present in Africa?
  10. How do economists call natural resources?

Second Task : Mark if these statements are true or false

  1. There are basically three factors that determine if a country is rich or poor
  2. The Republic of Congo is one of the poorest countries of the world
  3. Rich countries have bad institutions
  4. Poor countries have bad institutions
  5. Rich countries are less corrupt than poor countries
  6. The poorest countries are more corrupt
  7. Rich countries have a class-based thinking
  8. Culture doesn’t keep countries poor
  9. Culture are outlooks, ideas and beliefs
  10. In the poorest countries, most people don’t believe in the supernatural

Third Task : Complete the following sentences

  1. Institution are _____________ important.
  2. To ________________ the so called best candidate..
  3. Poor countries are________________located in the tropical regions.
  4.  A tropical climate can be ____________________ to photosynthesis
  5. A key _____________ in the ______________ of society growing rich.
  6. ____________ part of the work force.
  7. The Setse Fly knocks outs  animals on a _______________scale
  8. Humans are open to an __________ _________________of diseases
  9. Poor countries, on the whole, are very badly __________________
  10. Africa host 15 _______________ nations.
  11. Poor countries tend to have them in _____________
  12. You are gonna need the whole society to ________ into the project.
  13. Countries facing _______________ and hugely difficult problems.


Students with the help of google take some time to find an article that talks about how poor and rich are some countries or how these prosper.

This article from the about how Norways generates energy by getting rid of trash

Norway is importing as much rubbish as it can get its hands on, in an effort to generate more energy by burning waste in vast incinerators.