Reading: Ebola Virus Disease


Ebola

Ebola is spreading itself  across Western Africa. Every day many people are dying from it, including doctors who are treating their patients. Recently yet another doctor died in Liberia, despite taking an experimental anti-Ebola drug.The drug called ZMapp has been credited with helping several patients recover, including two US doctors. So far this year four West African countries –Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Liberia and Guinea – have seen 2,615 confirmed cases and 1,427 deaths from Ebola. Liberia has seen the most deaths –more than 570 – in what is the worst Ebola outbreak in history Ebola is spread between humans through direct contact with infected body fluids. Several doctors and health workers have died. It is one of the world’s deadliest diseases, with up to 90% of cases resulting in death, although with the current outbreak the death rate is about 55%. Symptoms of the virus include a sudden high fever, a headache, a sore throat, intense weakness, muscle pain, bleeding and central nervous system damage. There is no vaccine or cure. The Liberian capital Monrovia has enforced a quarantine zone in a slum area where the disease is spreading. Senegal has now locked down its land border with its Ebola-affected neighbour Guinea. Many foreign nationals are now beginning to evacuate from countries that have the disease out of for fear of catching it.

Find what these sentences refer to among the reading

  1. a strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease:_______________________________________
  2. a person who is under medical care or treatment:________________________________________________
  3. a person licensed to practice medicine, as a physician, surgeon, or veterinarian:_______________________________
  4. an infective agent that is too small to be seen__________________________________
  5. a sudden and active manifestation:_____________________________________________
  6. to leave empty; vacate:_________________________________________________________
  7. any substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure,  treatment, or prevention of disease:________________________
  8. a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body:_______________________________
  9. the general condition of the body or mind:_________________________________________
  10. physical suffering or distress, as due to injury, illness:_________________________________

Questions

  1. How Does Ebola spread?
  2. What are  the symptoms of Ebola?
  3. What’s the most affected African country?
  4. What measures has some countries taken?
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