Great Teaching Ideas: Common Illnesses, Diseases and Epidemics

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Specific diseases, disorders, injuries

  • Skin: skin irritation, skin inflammation, redness, tenderness, swelling, rash,  itching, acne, pimple, blister, burn, scar, scratch
  • Eye: nearsightedness, farsightedness,conjunctivitis, , cataract.
  • Ear: wax blockage, hearing loss, earache, ruptured eardrum.
  • Nose, throat, lungs: nosebleed, runny nose, stuffy nose, rhinitis,  hay fever, sinusitis, a cold, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
  • Heart and circulation:  high blood pressure, heart disease, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest.
  • Blood: anemia, bleeding, internal bleeding, hemorrhage, leukemia.
  • Brain and nervous system: headache, migraine, dizziness ,  meningitis, epilepsy, convulsions, seizure, stroke, paralysis, cerebral palsy, dementia.
  • Nutrition: vitamin deficiency , obesity, to be overweight, weight loss, anorexia, bulimia.
  • Stomach, intestines: indigestion,  upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gastritis,  colitis, appendicitis,  cholera.
  • Liver: hepatitis, , cirrhosis.
  • Kidneys:  kidney stones.
  • Bones, joints: backache / back pain,osteoporosis, arthritis.
  • Muscles: muscle spasm, muscle cramp, muscular dystrophy, hernia.
  • Injuries: injury, wound, trauma, hand injury, knee injury, foot injury, head injury, concussion, contusion, fracture, fractured bone, sprained ankle, bruise to have a broken arm.
  • General infections: the flu / influenza, tuberculosis, tetanus, rabies, yellow fever,, smallpox, anthrax.
  • Infectious diseases:  measles,  polio, chicken pox, scarlet fever.
  • Hormonal disorders: diabetes.
  • Oncology: benign tumor, malignant tumor, cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer, skin cancer.
  • Mental disorders: depression, phobia, schizophrenia.
  • Addictions: alcohol abuse, drug abuse.

Key Phrases to Use

I have ………………….

  • a stiff neck
  • a twisted ankle
  • an ear infection
  • a heart attack
  • an allergic reaction
  • a runny nose
  • a deep cut
  • a sore throat
  • a chest pain

I broke

  • my leg
  • my arm

I catch

  • a cold
  • the flu

Other phrases

  • I sprained my ankle
  • I twisted my ankle


Practice the vocabulary using these quizlet flashcards and games


Students can write or talk about some way to prevents some common Illnesses , Diseases and Epidemics


  1. You should drink plenty of water
  2. You should take some medicaments
  3. You shoud drink a hot soup
  4. You should take vitamin C
  5. You should rest


  1. You should take some rest
  2. You should  take a painkiller
  3. You should apply a Ice Pack in the back of your neck

Additional Worksheets and Audios

  1. Worksheet #1: Symptoms 
  2. Worksheet #2: Treatment Match
  3. Resource #1: Sitting Posture
  4. Common Illnesses, Diseases and Epidemics -Audio (Password:

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