What ‘s your attitude toward writing? Well I love to write as much as I can and I am trying to improve continually , besides that I love teaching others to communicate and those valuable moments are the moments when I learn the most. However students use shortcuts such as plagiarism to avoid communicating when they are taking written communication classes but as a Professor, you can’t be deceived , you have been with your students enough time to know their proficiency level, so it is as clear as water to identify those who are being helped or who are taking big parts of written materials from the Internet or other sources.
Types of Plagiarism
Anyone who has written or graded a paper knows that plagiarism is not always a black and white issue. The boundary between plagiarism and research is often unclear. Learning to recognize the various forms of plagiarism, especially the more ambiguous ones, is an important step towards effective prevention. Many people think of plagiarism as copying another’s work, or borrowing someone else’s original ideas. But terms like “copying” and “borrowing” can disguise the seriousness of the offense:
Sources Not Cited
- “The Ghost Writer”
The writer turns in another’s work, word-for-word, as his or her own.
- “The Photocopy”
The writer copies significant portions of text straight from a single source, without alteration.
- “The Potluck Paper”
The writer tries to disguise plagiarism by copying from several different sources, tweaking the sentences to make them fit together while retaining most of the original phrasing.
- “The Poor Disguise”
Although the writer has retained the essential content of the source, he or she has altered the paper’s appearance slightly by changing key words and phrases.
- “The Labor of Laziness”
The writer takes the time to paraphrase most of the paper from other sources and make it all fit together, instead of spending the same effort on original work.
- “The Self-Stealer”
The writer “borrows” generously from his or her previous work, violating policies concerning the expectation of originality adopted by most academic institutions.
Sources Cited (But Still Plagiarized)
- “The Forgotten Footnote”
The writer mentions an author’s name for a source, but neglects to include specific information on the location of the material referenced. This often masks other forms of plagiarism by obscuring source locations.
- “The Misinformer”
The writer provides inaccurate information regarding the sources, making it impossible to find them.
- “The Too-Perfect Paraphrase”
The writer properly cites a source, but neglects to put in quotation marks text that has been copied word-for-word, or close to it. Although attributing the basic ideas to the source, the writer is falsely claiming original presentation and interpretation of the information.
- “The Resourceful Citer”
The writer properly cites all sources, paraphrasing and using quotations appropriately. The catch? The paper contains almost no original work! It is sometimes difficult to spot this form of plagiarism because it looks like any other well-researched document.
- “The Perfect Crime”
Well, we all know it doesn’t exist. In this case, the writer properly quotes and cites sources in some places, but goes on to paraphrase other arguments from those sources without citation. This way, the writer tries to pass off the paraphrased material as his or her own analysis of the cited material.
Now that you know about the different types of plagiarism, tell us what plagiarism prevention techniques you use into your classes.