13 Powerful Statements on Second Language Acquisition Made by Stephen Krashen


The following video is one of best videos related to Second  Language Acquisition  which is  one of the  theories  that  changed  my whole perspective about learning and teaching a language


13 Great and Powerful Statements

1. We all  acquire language  the same way. 

The process is the same even though you can learn a langauge in a different number of ways. No process is the same for all students but there are things that all students have in common.

2. Silent period is normal.

The silent period hypothesis is the idea that when a language is learned, there should be a period in which the learner is not expected to actively produce any language. Silent period is a normal stage in every language learner, sometimes this period is even more traumatic because students take classes that are way above their level so they see their peers communicating while their confidence gets lower and lower. If you attend to a class that it is tailored for you, you’ll do well.

3. We  acquire  language when  we understand  what  people tell us .

If you say  that you spend days and nights listening to music in English but you don’t understand of word of what you are listening to, sorry but you aren’t doing much. Meaningful input is the input that I can comprehend

4. Talking  is  not  practicing.

This is something that I have been telling to my students in oral communication classes when they do the talking but they don’t want to pay attention to their peers.  The only way to learn new words is by reading and listen the words written and said by others

5. Speaking  is  not the beginning  of   language acquisition, it is  the result of comprehensible input.

This is covered in many ways during the presentation, speaking is the result of your hard work learning the language.

6. It  is  not what  you  say but  what the other person says to  you.

Your brain is not made to create language on the go, you need to learn from other. Stop being selfish and be a good listener. if you want to do better, start paying attention to those around you.

7. Speaking is  an  indirect  contribution  to  language acquisition.

Speaking is a indirect contribution because if you are able to communicate with others, it means that you did your homework, I mean you spent a certain amount of time exposing yourself to language in spoken and written ways.

8. Motivated students  do  better  in language acquisition.

Motivation is something difficult to talk about, there are many external factors that influence the desire of a student to improve his linguistic skills. If motivation was something easy to share, the results would be amazing but that’s not the case.

9. Students  with  more self-esteem   do  better  in language  acquisition.

when you meet new students, you will see that there are some students who are not afraid to make mistakes, they can laugh at their own mistakes and understand that making mistakes is part of the life of every language learner. Those students tend to do well in classes.

10. The lower  the anxiety, the better  the  language acquisition.

You might hear that a little bit of anxiety is OK, if you don’t like that ot you think evaluations, homework and presentation are too much, I would suggest taking sometime before taking an English class, there are many plenty of opportunities to learn outside the classroom and that could boost your confidence when you decide to step into an English class for the first time.

11. Students need  to assume  that  they are going to  be  successful.

I think that you need to be positive in all instance but happy and positive thoughts won’t teach how to make sentences in the passive voice, stay positive but do your work

12. There  is  a Language Acquisition Device  in all   of us.

The LAD concept is an instinctive mental capacity which enables an infant to acquire and produce language. It is a component of the nativist theory of language. This theory asserts that humans are born with the instinct or “innate facility” for acquiring language.

13. Don’t  believe   in  torture but  a little anxiety is  OK

One of my favorite statements from the video because not all subjects are supposed to be easy, sometimes you need your teacher to ask for difficult things so you can reach your potential.

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