In grammar, a complex sentence is a sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. A complex sentence is often used to make clear which ideas are most important, and which ideas are subordinate
- ” I ate the meal that you cooked.” In this example, “I ate the meal” is an independent clause, while “that you cooked” is a relative clause. The independent clause could stand alone as a simple sentence without the relative clause.
- “I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me.” Here, “I enjoyed the apple pie” is an independent clause and “that you bought for me” is a relative clause.
- “I ate breakfast before I went to work.” This has “I ate breakfast” as an independent clause, and “before I went to work” as a dependent clause.